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Entropy 2018, 20(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20010004

Fog Computing: Enabling the Management and Orchestration of Smart City Applications in 5G Networks

Ghent University - imec, IDLab, Department of Information Technology, Technologiepark-Zwijnaarde 15, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium
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Received: 24 November 2017 / Revised: 16 December 2017 / Accepted: 18 December 2017 / Published: 23 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Information Theory and 5G Technologies)
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Abstract

Fog computing extends the cloud computing paradigm by placing resources close to the edges of the network to deal with the upcoming growth of connected devices. Smart city applications, such as health monitoring and predictive maintenance, will introduce a new set of stringent requirements, such as low latency, since resources can be requested on-demand simultaneously by multiple devices at different locations. It is then necessary to adapt existing network technologies to future needs and design new architectural concepts to help meet these strict requirements. This article proposes a fog computing framework enabling autonomous management and orchestration functionalities in 5G-enabled smart cities. Our approach follows the guidelines of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) NFV MANO architecture extending it with additional software components. The contribution of our work is its fully-integrated fog node management system alongside the foreseen application layer Peer-to-Peer (P2P) fog protocol based on the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing protocol for the exchange of application service provisioning information between fog nodes. Evaluations of an anomaly detection use case based on an air monitoring application are presented. Our results show that the proposed framework achieves a substantial reduction in network bandwidth usage and in latency when compared to centralized cloud solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: fog computing; 5G; IoT; smart cities; management and orchestration fog computing; 5G; IoT; smart cities; management and orchestration
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Santos, J.; Wauters, T.; Volckaert, B.; De Turck, F. Fog Computing: Enabling the Management and Orchestration of Smart City Applications in 5G Networks. Entropy 2018, 20, 4.

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