Special Issue "Quantum Astronomy"

A special issue of Astronomy (ISSN 2674-0346).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2023 | Viewed by 129

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Artur Czerwinski
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Physics, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Informatics, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, 87-100 Torun, Poland
Interests: quantum optics; entanglement; quantum dynamics; open quantum systems; non-Markovian evolution; quantum state tomography; time-bin encoding; phase retrieval; quantum hamiltonian tomography; tomography; entanglement measures; quantum measurement; decoherence
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Astronomy has always been the driving force behind the innovation and development of science. For ancient civilizations, the desire to understand the movement of celestial objects was the motivation to elaborate on trigonometry, algebra, and natural philosophy. For Isaac Newton, the urge to observe distant objects prompted him to construct improved optical instruments. In modern times, science benefited enormously from the Space Race, which resulted in broadening our knowledge and providing multiple technologies. Currently, astronomy has been pushed to the limits, where quantum effects are unavoidable. In this new era, we can talk about Quantum Astronomy, and the prospects of this emerging field are twofold.

First, numerous tests of the fundamental laws of physics can be conceptualized with artificial satellites in Earth orbits or elsewhere in the solar system. Such tests could verify the applicability of quantum theory at larger distances (e.g., entanglement tests, quantum gravity experiments, or relativistic effects in quantum information theory). Additionally, prospective technologies that can enable quantum communication in space have the potential to elevate our understanding of the universe to a higher level.

Secondly, further progress in imaging and spectroscopy requires the quantum properties of light to be taken into account. Presently, existing apparatus measures only selected aspects of the first-order coherence of light (spatial or temporal). However, photons have additional degrees of freedom, which are utilized in quantum optics to encode information. From the astronomical perspective, we can expect that such properties of light carry extra information about the source emitting the beam. Additionally, the quantum features of photons may indicate whether the light has reached the observer directly or through an intermediate process. If quantum effects are properly addressed, astronomical quantum optics can help to extract additional knowledge about the farthest objects in the universe. On the other hand, it can also stimulate the progress of quantum optics itself since present theories and methods may not be sufficient to embrace the vastness of the information coming from the space.

For this Special Issue, we plan to collect papers that relate to any aspect of the overlap between astronomy and quantum physics. We welcome works that can shed new light on quantum–optical phenomena in the astronomical context.

Dr. Artur Czerwinski
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Astronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • photonic astronomy
  • quantum optics
  • satellite quantum key distribution
  • tests of fundamental quantum physics
  • quantum theory
  • quantum effects in astronomy
  • quantum entanglement
  • Bell tests
  • quantum information
  • quantum optics instrumentation for astronomy

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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