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Review

Providing Sterile Orthopedic Implants: Challenges Associated with Multiple Reprocessing of Orthopedic Surgical Trays

1
Surgical Infection Research Group, Faculty of Medicine, Health and Human Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia
2
Faculty of Nursing, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74605-080, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Günter Kampf
Hygiene 2022, 2(1), 63-71; https://doi.org/10.3390/hygiene2010005
Received: 11 February 2022 / Revised: 9 March 2022 / Accepted: 9 March 2022 / Published: 14 March 2022
Orthopedic implants, such as screws, are provided in a non-sterile state and must be reprocessed before each use, therefore they may be subjected to multiple reprocessing cycles until they are implanted in the patient. The effect of these various reprocessing cycles on the quality and safety of these implants has been a subject of concern and discussion around the world. In this narrative review, we discuss the four main challenges associated with supplying these non-sterile implants to the same standard, with respect to their quality and safety, as implants that are provided sterile: microbiological contamination (focusing on biofilm), non-microbiological contamination, surface damage, and their acquisition in surgical trays from loaner companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: prostheses and implants; biofilms; equipment contamination; decontamination prostheses and implants; biofilms; equipment contamination; decontamination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Costa, D.d.M.; Vickery, K.; Tipple, A.F.V.; Hu, H. Providing Sterile Orthopedic Implants: Challenges Associated with Multiple Reprocessing of Orthopedic Surgical Trays. Hygiene 2022, 2, 63-71. https://doi.org/10.3390/hygiene2010005

AMA Style

Costa DdM, Vickery K, Tipple AFV, Hu H. Providing Sterile Orthopedic Implants: Challenges Associated with Multiple Reprocessing of Orthopedic Surgical Trays. Hygiene. 2022; 2(1):63-71. https://doi.org/10.3390/hygiene2010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Costa, Dayane d.M., Karen Vickery, Anaclara F.V. Tipple, and Honghua Hu. 2022. "Providing Sterile Orthopedic Implants: Challenges Associated with Multiple Reprocessing of Orthopedic Surgical Trays" Hygiene 2, no. 1: 63-71. https://doi.org/10.3390/hygiene2010005

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