SEM-PLS Approach to Green Building
2. Resource Management
2.1. Water Management
2.2. Waste Management
- physical state (e.g., solid waste, liquid waste, gaseous waste),
- source (e.g., household/domestic waste, industrial waste, agricultural waste, commercial waste, demolition and construction waste, mining waste), and
- environmental impact (hazardous waste and non-hazardous waste) .
- Food waste.
- Cardboard and paper.
- Plastics (including bottles and other containers).
- Glass (including green, brown, and clear).
- Metals (including aluminium cans and tin cans).
- Occupier source segregation.
- Occupier deposit and storage.
- Bulk storage and on-site management.
- On-site treatment and off-site removal.
- End destination of wastes.
2.3. Energy Management
3. Green Building Performance (GBP)
4. Impact of EM on GBP
4.1. Measurement Model
4.1.1. Convergent Validity
4.1.2. Discriminant Validity
4.2. Structural Model
5. Conclusions and Prospects
Conflicts of Interest
Entry Link on the Encyclopedia Platform
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|1||EM vision||the organisation develops a vision statement that has the unambiguous target of reducing energy usage through specific activities and conveys them to all staff.|
|2||EM Current||the organisation evaluates the existing state of EM, set objectives, and defines specific and measurable actions for continuous enhancement.|
|3||EM Appointed||the organisation has appointed an energy manager.|
|4||EM Audit||the organisation conducts an energy audit exercise.|
|5||EM Advantage||the organisation takes advantage of utility and government incentive programs concerning energy.|
|6||EM Track||the organisation tracks project-level resource savings according to the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) framework.|
|7||EM Performance||the organisation reports energy performance data to the management committee.|
|8||EM Provide||the organisation offers training and/or develops customised training programs to address capacity gaps in energy management.|
|Safety||Buildings must enjoy safety. This issue is of high importance for architects, engineers, facilities, and building managers. To appraise the building performance regarding the building’s safety, we must determine those directly affected by safety conditions.||[36,37,38]|
|Health and Hygiene||The term “healthy building” implies the influence that the building can impose on the occupants. The sick building syndrome (SBS) issue resulted in an increasing demand for healthier buildings for occupants. Different researchers have recognised the significance of health in destroying the performance of a building.||[36,37,39]|
|Comfort||Indoor comfort is a crucial parameter for enhancing building performance. A building must arrange for an internal environment with an acceptable comfortability level, particularly in thermal, visual, and acoustics comfort areas.||[36,37,40]|
|Durability||This covers the building materials’ durability, which is a significant aspect of the building performance.||[36,37,40]|
|Sustainability||Sustainability leads to diminishing energy usage and CO2 emissions.||[36,37]|
|Variable||Items||Factor Loadings||CR||AVE||Cronbach’s Alpha|
|Health and Hygiene||0.762|
|Hypothesis||Relationship||Standard Beta||Standard Deviation||t-Value||f2||R2|
|H1||EM ↔ GBP||0.623||0.076||7.851||0.557||0.358|
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Aghili, N.; Amirkhani, M. SEM-PLS Approach to Green Building. Encyclopedia 2021, 1, 472-481. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1020039
Aghili N, Amirkhani M. SEM-PLS Approach to Green Building. Encyclopedia. 2021; 1(2):472-481. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1020039Chicago/Turabian Style
Aghili, Nasim, and Mehdi Amirkhani. 2021. "SEM-PLS Approach to Green Building" Encyclopedia 1, no. 2: 472-481. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1020039