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Sustainable Architecture—What’s Next?

City- and Regional Planning, Institute of Safety, Economics and Planning (ISØP), Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Stavanger, 4021 Stavanger, Norway
Academic Editor: Haşim Altan
Encyclopedia 2021, 1(1), 293-313; https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1010025
Received: 1 February 2021 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 15 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Encyclopedia of ZEMCH Research and Development)
Sustainable architecture encompasses more than energy efficiency, zero carbon dioxide (CO2) emission or renewable energy use in the built environment. It also needs to alleviate overall impacts on the natural environment or ecosystem that surrounds it. It may be argued that primitive vernacular architecture (architecture without architects) built and operated using local techniques and resources alone can be considered to be sustainable. Yet later, after the 1992 Rio Conference and its declarations, more specific definitions emerged putting weight on the rational use of land area, materials and energy, preferably local, as well as area efficient planning, economy and recyclability. The advantage of this is to reduce the ecological footprint of buildings and the climate gas emissions from a sector that represents 35–50 percent of global climate gas emissions, depending on how one counts. This paper clarifies concepts, questions cemented truths and points a way forward by asking; what’s next? View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable; architecture; Zero Energy Mass Custom Homes (ZEMCH); energy; efficiency; forecasting; ethics; climate change; log burning sustainable; architecture; Zero Energy Mass Custom Homes (ZEMCH); energy; efficiency; forecasting; ethics; climate change; log burning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Røstvik, H.N. Sustainable Architecture—What’s Next? Encyclopedia 2021, 1, 293-313. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1010025

AMA Style

Røstvik HN. Sustainable Architecture—What’s Next? Encyclopedia. 2021; 1(1):293-313. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1010025

Chicago/Turabian Style

Røstvik, Harald N. 2021. "Sustainable Architecture—What’s Next?" Encyclopedia 1, no. 1: 293-313. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia1010025

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