What If Moms Quiet Quit? The Role of Maternity Leave Policy in Working Mothers’ Quiet Quitting Behaviors
2. Literature Review and Hypothesis Development
2.1. Maternity Leave Policies across Industries
2.2. Mental Health Problems of Working Mothers and Quiet Quitting Behaviors
2.3. Peer Workers’ Quiet Quitting Behaviors and Support for Childcare
3.1. Data Collection
- “If your company offered a paid maternity leave policy but you did not have an opportunity to receive the benefits from the policy, do you believe you would have more motivation to ‘go above and beyond’ in your job performance”?
- “If your company offered a paid maternity leave policy and you received benefits from the policy, do you believe you would have more motivation to ‘go above and beyond’ in your job performance”?
- “If your company offered a paid maternity leave policy and you believed you would benefit from it in the future, do you believe you would have more motivation to ‘go above and beyond’ in your job performance”?
- “Please read the following statements about the latest trend known as ‘quiet quitting:’ ‘Quiet quitting’ does not involve actually quitting the job to seek higher wages or better benefits elsewhere but is defined as quitting the idea of going ‘above and beyond’ . Those who participate in quiet quitting no longer go ‘above and beyond’ in their work and simply do the bare minimum to get the job done . Quiet quitting may seem like a way to treat burnout and can take several forms, such as not answering emails or phone calls outside of work hours, saying no to new projects that aren’t in the job description or that one may not want to do, and leaving work on time every day .
- “Have you chosen to participate in quiet quitting? (Yes, No)”.
- “How motivated would you say you are to ‘go above and beyond’ at your job? (5-point Likert scale; 1 = extremely motivated, 5 = definitely not motivated)”.
5.1. Discussion of Study Findings
5.2. Implications for Theory and Practice
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Dependent Variable||Independent Variables||F Score||Hypothesis Test |
|Quiet quitting behaviors||Maternity leave||5.71 *||H1 supported|
|Paid maternity leave||0.87 ns||H2 failed|
|Duration of maternity leave||1.21 ns||H3 failed|
|Emotional wellbeing||Maternity leave||5.76 **||H4 supported|
|Paid maternity leave||0.27 ns||H5 failed|
|Duration of maternity leave||27.93 ***||H6 partially supported|
|Quiet quitting behaviors||Supportive/flexible work policy for childcare needs||8.37 ***||H7 supported|
|Peer workers’ quiet quitting impacts||9.57 ***||H8 supported|
|Dependent Variable: EmotionalWell|
|(I) Weeks||(J) Weeks||Mean Difference (I–J)||Std. Error||Sig.||95% Confidence Interval|
|Lower Bound||Upper Bound|
|Dependent Variable: SelfQuietQuitting|
|(I) Race||(J) Race||Mean Difference (I–J)||Std. Error||Sig.||95% Confidence Interval|
|Lower Bound||Upper Bound|
|White||Black or African American||0.19 *||0.086||0.032||0.02||0.36|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||0.19||0.155||0.231||−0.12||0.49|
|Black or African American||White||−0.19 *||0.086||0.032||−0.36||−0.02|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||0||0.175||1||−0.34||0.34|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||White||−0.19||0.155||0.231||−0.49||0.12|
|Black or African American||0||0.175||1||−0.34||0.34|
|Black or African American||0.04||0.093||0.641||−0.14||0.23|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||0.04||0.159||0.785||−0.27||0.36|
|Dependent Variable: SelfQuietQuitting|
|(I) Age||(J) Age||Mean Difference (I–J)||Std. Error||Sig.||95% Confidence Interval|
|Lower Bound||Upper Bound|
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Zhang, T.; Rodrigue, C. What If Moms Quiet Quit? The Role of Maternity Leave Policy in Working Mothers’ Quiet Quitting Behaviors. Merits 2023, 3, 186-205. https://doi.org/10.3390/merits3010012
Zhang T, Rodrigue C. What If Moms Quiet Quit? The Role of Maternity Leave Policy in Working Mothers’ Quiet Quitting Behaviors. Merits. 2023; 3(1):186-205. https://doi.org/10.3390/merits3010012Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Tingting, and Chloe Rodrigue. 2023. "What If Moms Quiet Quit? The Role of Maternity Leave Policy in Working Mothers’ Quiet Quitting Behaviors" Merits 3, no. 1: 186-205. https://doi.org/10.3390/merits3010012