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A Simulation-Based Evaluation of a Cargo-Hitching Service for E-Commerce Using Mobility-on-Demand Vehicles

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Intelligent Transportation Systems Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
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Department of Logistics and Information Engineering, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo 135-8533, Japan
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Department of Autonomous Mobility, Korea University, Sejong 30019, Korea
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A*STAR, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore 138632, Singapore
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Department of Technology, Management and Economics, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
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Intelligent Systems and Informatics Laboratory, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8654, Japan
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Engineering Systems and Design, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 487372, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Javier Faulin
Future Transp. 2021, 1(3), 639-656; https://doi.org/10.3390/futuretransp1030034
Received: 26 August 2021 / Revised: 5 October 2021 / Accepted: 20 October 2021 / Published: 3 November 2021
Time-sensitive parcel deliveries—shipments requested for delivery in a day or less—are an increasingly important aspect of urban logistics. It is challenging to deal with these deliveries from a carrier perspective. These require additional planning constraints, preventing the efficient consolidation of deliveries that is possible when demand is well known in advance. Furthermore, such time-sensitive deliveries are requested to a wider spatial scope than retail centers, including homes and offices. Therefore, an increase in such deliveries is considered to exacerbate negative externalities, such as congestion and emissions. One of the solutions is to leverage spare capacity in passenger transport modes. This concept is often denominated as cargo hitching. While there are various system designs, it is crucial that such a solution does not deteriorate the quality of service of passenger trips. This research aims to evaluate the use of mobility-on-demand (MOD) services that perform same-day parcel deliveries. To test the MOD-based solutions, we utilize a high-resolution agent- and activity-based simulation platform of passenger and freight flows. E-commerce demand carrier data collected in Singapore are used to characterize simulated parcel delivery demand. We explore operational scenarios that aim to minimize the adverse effects of fulfilling deliveries with MOD service vehicles on passenger flows. Adverse effects are measured in fulfillment, wait, and travel times. A case study on Singapore indicates that the MOD services have potential to fulfill a considerable amount of parcel deliveries and decrease freight vehicle traffic and total vehicle kilometers travelled without compromising the quality of MOD for passenger travel. Insights into the operational performance of the cargo-hitching service are also provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: same-day delivery; agent-based simulation; city logistics; urban freight; mobility-on-demand same-day delivery; agent-based simulation; city logistics; urban freight; mobility-on-demand
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MDPI and ACS Style

Romano Alho, A.; Sakai, T.; Oh, S.; Cheng, C.; Seshadri, R.; Chong, W.H.; Hara, Y.; Caravias, J.; Cheah, L.; Ben-Akiva, M. A Simulation-Based Evaluation of a Cargo-Hitching Service for E-Commerce Using Mobility-on-Demand Vehicles. Future Transp. 2021, 1, 639-656. https://doi.org/10.3390/futuretransp1030034

AMA Style

Romano Alho A, Sakai T, Oh S, Cheng C, Seshadri R, Chong WH, Hara Y, Caravias J, Cheah L, Ben-Akiva M. A Simulation-Based Evaluation of a Cargo-Hitching Service for E-Commerce Using Mobility-on-Demand Vehicles. Future Transportation. 2021; 1(3):639-656. https://doi.org/10.3390/futuretransp1030034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Romano Alho, André, Takanori Sakai, Simon Oh, Cheng Cheng, Ravi Seshadri, Wen H. Chong, Yusuke Hara, Julia Caravias, Lynette Cheah, and Moshe Ben-Akiva. 2021. "A Simulation-Based Evaluation of a Cargo-Hitching Service for E-Commerce Using Mobility-on-Demand Vehicles" Future Transportation 1, no. 3: 639-656. https://doi.org/10.3390/futuretransp1030034

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