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SDN-Based Resilient Smart Grid: The SDN-microSENSE Architecture

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, 50100 Kozani, Greece
Testing Research & Standards Center of Public Power Corporation SA, Leontariou 9, Kantza, 15351 Athens, Greece
Infinity Limited, 2A Heigham Road Imperial Offices, London E6 2JG, UK
Department of Computer Science, International Hellenic University, 14th km Thessaloniki, 57001 Nea Moudania, Greece
ATOS Spain SA, Calle De Albarracin 25, 28037 Madrid, Spain
Sidroco Holdings Ltd., Petraki Giallourou 22, Office 11, Nicosia 1077, Cyprus
UBITECH Limited, 26 Nikou & Despinas Pattchi, Limassol 3071, Cyprus
Center for Research and Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, 6th km Charilaou-Thermi Road, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
Cyberlens Ltd., 10 12 Mulberry Green Old Harlow, Essex CM17 0ET, UK
Fundacio Institut De Recerca De L’Energia De Catalunya (IREC), C/ Jardins De Les Dones De Negre 1, 08930 Sant Adria de Besos, Spain
TECNALIA, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Parque Cientifico Y Tecnologico De Bizkaia, Astondo Bidea, Edificio 700, 48160 Derio Bizkaia, Spain
Schneider Electric, Rue Joseph Monier 35, 92500 Ruel Malmaison, France
Department of Information Security and Communication Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Hogskoleringen 1, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
SINTEF, Sem Saelandsveg 11, 7465 Trondheim, Norway
CheckWatt AB, Marketenterivagen 1, 41528 Gotebord, Sweden
Realaiz, Mihajla Bogicevica 7, 11000 Beograd, Serbia
Estabanell, Calle Rec 26-28, 08400 Granollers, Spain
INCITES Consulting, 130 Route d’Arlon, L-8008 Strassen, Luxembourg
Control Systems Laboratory, Ayesa, 41092 Seville, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yannis Manolopoulos
Digital 2021, 1(4), 173-187;
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 10 September 2021 / Accepted: 24 September 2021 / Published: 30 September 2021
The technological leap of smart technologies and the Internet of Things has advanced the conventional model of the electrical power and energy systems into a new digital era, widely known as the Smart Grid. The advent of Smart Grids provides multiple benefits, such as self-monitoring, self-healing and pervasive control. However, it also raises crucial cybersecurity and privacy concerns that can lead to devastating consequences, including cascading effects with other critical infrastructures or even fatal accidents. This paper introduces a novel architecture, which will increase the Smart Grid resiliency, taking full advantage of the Software-Defined Networking (SDN) technology. The proposed architecture called SDN-microSENSE architecture consists of three main tiers: (a) Risk assessment, (b) intrusion detection and correlation and (c) self-healing. The first tier is responsible for evaluating dynamically the risk level of each Smart Grid asset. The second tier undertakes to detect and correlate security events and, finally, the last tier mitigates the potential threats, ensuring in parallel the normal operation of the Smart Grid. It is noteworthy that all tiers of the SDN-microSENSE architecture interact with the SDN controller either for detecting or mitigating intrusions. View Full-Text
Keywords: anomaly detection; blockchain; cybersecurity; energy management; honeypots; intrusion detection; islanding; privacy; Smart Grid; Software Defined Networking anomaly detection; blockchain; cybersecurity; energy management; honeypots; intrusion detection; islanding; privacy; Smart Grid; Software Defined Networking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grammatikis, P.R.; Sarigiannidis, P.; Dalamagkas, C.; Spyridis, Y.; Lagkas, T.; Efstathopoulos, G.; Sesis, A.; Pavon, I.L.; Burgos, R.T.; Diaz, R.; Sarigiannidis, A.; Papamartzivanos, D.; Menesidou, S.A.; Ledakis, G.; Pasias, A.; Kotsiopoulos, T.; Drosou, A.; Mavropoulos, O.; Subirachs, A.C.; Sola, P.P.; Domínguez-García, J.L.; Escalante, M.; Alberto, M.M.; Caracuel, B.; Ramos, F.; Gkioulos, V.; Katsikas, S.; Bolstad, H.C.; Archer, D.-E.; Paunovic, N.; Gallart, R.; Rokkas, T.; Arce, A. SDN-Based Resilient Smart Grid: The SDN-microSENSE Architecture. Digital 2021, 1, 173-187.

AMA Style

Grammatikis PR, Sarigiannidis P, Dalamagkas C, Spyridis Y, Lagkas T, Efstathopoulos G, Sesis A, Pavon IL, Burgos RT, Diaz R, Sarigiannidis A, Papamartzivanos D, Menesidou SA, Ledakis G, Pasias A, Kotsiopoulos T, Drosou A, Mavropoulos O, Subirachs AC, Sola PP, Domínguez-García JL, Escalante M, Alberto MM, Caracuel B, Ramos F, Gkioulos V, Katsikas S, Bolstad HC, Archer D-E, Paunovic N, Gallart R, Rokkas T, Arce A. SDN-Based Resilient Smart Grid: The SDN-microSENSE Architecture. Digital. 2021; 1(4):173-187.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grammatikis, Panagiotis R., Panagiotis Sarigiannidis, Christos Dalamagkas, Yannis Spyridis, Thomas Lagkas, Georgios Efstathopoulos, Achilleas Sesis, Ignacio L. Pavon, Ruben T. Burgos, Rodrigo Diaz, Antonios Sarigiannidis, Dimitris Papamartzivanos, Sofia A. Menesidou, Giannis Ledakis, Achilleas Pasias, Thanasis Kotsiopoulos, Anastasios Drosou, Orestis Mavropoulos, Alba C. Subirachs, Pol P. Sola, José L. Domínguez-García, Marisa Escalante, Molinuevo M. Alberto, Benito Caracuel, Francisco Ramos, Vasileios Gkioulos, Sokratis Katsikas, Hans C. Bolstad, Dan-Eric Archer, Nikola Paunovic, Ramon Gallart, Theodoros Rokkas, and Alicia Arce. 2021. "SDN-Based Resilient Smart Grid: The SDN-microSENSE Architecture" Digital 1, no. 4: 173-187.

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