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Article

Stress Distribution in Modified Veneer Crowns: 3D Finite Element Analysis

1
Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Institute of Science and Technology, São Paulo State University-UNESP, São José dos Campos, São Paulo 12245-000, Brazil
2
Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba 58050-585, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eugenio Pedullà, Joao Paulo Tribst and Jose M. F. Ferreira
Oral 2021, 1(3), 272-280; https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1030026
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 19 August 2021 / Accepted: 27 August 2021 / Published: 16 September 2021
(1) Background: to propose a new approach for crown veneers, with the use of an aesthetic porcelain coating, only in part of the zirconia infrastructure, and to analyze its biomechanical behavior to minimize chipping failures. (2) Methods: a maxillary molar was modeled using CAD software, preparing for traditional crowns and veneer crowns with various lengths. Five groups were formed: M—control group (monolithic crown of ultra-translucent zirconia); B—conventional (bilayer crown of ultra-translucent zirconia and ceramic covering); V—veneer (ultra-translucent zirconia crown with reduction only in the buccal and application of covering ceramics); V1—ultra-translucent zirconia crown with buccal reduction and 1 mm occlusal extension for covering ceramic application); V1.5—ultra-translucent zirconia crown with buccal reduction and 1.5 mm occlusal extension for application of covering ceramics. A load of 600 N was performed axially to a fossa bottom to simulate parafunction, and 300 N to the cusp tip to obtain the maximum principal stress results. (3) Results: group B showed a higher stress concentration in the occlusal region of the restorations, while the other groups absorbed the stress and dissipated it throughout the crown, presenting a higher stress concentration in the interface region with the tooth. (4) Conclusion: the highly translucent zirconia ceramic only associated with buccal covering ceramic could add aesthetic gain and rigidity to the system and could be a good option to restore maxillary molars in patients who do not have parafunction. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental crowns; finite element analysis; high-strength ceramics; zirconia crowns dental crowns; finite element analysis; high-strength ceramics; zirconia crowns
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MDPI and ACS Style

Madruga, C.F.L.; Ramos, G.F.; Borges, A.L.S.; Saavedra, G.d.S.F.A.; Souza, R.O.; Marinho, R.M.d.M.; Penteado, M.M. Stress Distribution in Modified Veneer Crowns: 3D Finite Element Analysis. Oral 2021, 1, 272-280. https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1030026

AMA Style

Madruga CFL, Ramos GF, Borges ALS, Saavedra GdSFA, Souza RO, Marinho RMdM, Penteado MM. Stress Distribution in Modified Veneer Crowns: 3D Finite Element Analysis. Oral. 2021; 1(3):272-280. https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1030026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Madruga, Camila F.L., Gabriela F. Ramos, Alexandre L.S. Borges, Guilherme d.S.F.A. Saavedra, Rodrigo O. Souza, Renata M.d.M. Marinho, and Marcela M. Penteado. 2021. "Stress Distribution in Modified Veneer Crowns: 3D Finite Element Analysis" Oral 1, no. 3: 272-280. https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1030026

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