Next Article in Journal
Influence of Cement Thickness on the Polymerization Shrinkage Stress of Adhesively Cemented Composite Inlays: Photoelastic and Finite Element Analysis
Next Article in Special Issue
Exploring the Views of Dentists and Dental Support Staff Regarding Multiple Caries in Children
Previous Article in Journal
Subcutaneous Craniofacial Emphysema Following Endodontic Treatment: Case Report with Literature Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Commonalities between ENT Specialists and Oral Medicine Experts: Old HPV Diseases and New Oral HPV-Cancer along the Borders
 
 
Article

Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma on Gingiva, Edentulous Ridge, and Retromolar Pad: A Case Series

1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71121 Foggia, Italy
2
School of Dentistry, University of Ferrara, 44122 Ferrara, Italy
3
Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Odontostomatological Specialties, University of Campania, “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80138 Naples, Italy
4
Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Omar Kujan and Johannes H. Schmitz
Oral 2021, 1(2), 159-167; https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1020016
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 18 June 2021
(1) Background: Gingival cancer has a significant incidence and is often diagnosed at advanced stages. The aim of this paper is to highlight its clinical aspects on the basis of a case series analysis in order to promote awareness and improve the diagnosis process. (2) Methods: Oral cancers diagnosed and treated at three Italian University Hospitals over ten years were retrospectively investigated. Cancer location on the gingiva, edentulous ridge, and retromolar pad was addressed. Data regarding clinical features, stage at the diagnosis, and time from presenting symptoms to first medical consultation were retrieved. (3) Results: Thirty-three cancers located on the gingiva, edentulous ridge, and retromolar pad were retrieved from 276 total oral cancer cases (11.9%). A median of 50 days (range 2–300) passed for the patient to seek for a medical evaluation. At the time of diagnosis, 63.3% were advanced stage cancers, mainly located at the mandible (91%), especially in the retromolar pad (48.5%) and the edentulous alveolar ridge (24.2%). Lesions were red (45.5%), red and white (45.4%), or white (9.1%), appearing as an ulcer (69.7%), exophytic mass (12.1%) or flat lesion (12.1%). Sixty-six percent of cancers were completely asymptomatic, regardless their clinical appearance. A statistically significant association between the time from the presentation of symptoms to the first medical consultation and the cancers stage was found. (4) Conclusions: The clinical appearance of gingival cancer is very polymorphous; its understanding may be significant to improve patient education and early medical consultation. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral cancer; gingiva; diagnosis; clinical appearance oral cancer; gingiva; diagnosis; clinical appearance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lo Russo, L.; Lo Muzio, E.; Colella, G.; Bizzoca, M.E.; Panzarella, V.; Campisi, G.; Lo Muzio, L. Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma on Gingiva, Edentulous Ridge, and Retromolar Pad: A Case Series. Oral 2021, 1, 159-167. https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1020016

AMA Style

Lo Russo L, Lo Muzio E, Colella G, Bizzoca ME, Panzarella V, Campisi G, Lo Muzio L. Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma on Gingiva, Edentulous Ridge, and Retromolar Pad: A Case Series. Oral. 2021; 1(2):159-167. https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1020016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lo Russo, Lucio, Eleonora Lo Muzio, Giuseppe Colella, Maria Eleonora Bizzoca, Vera Panzarella, Giuseppina Campisi, and Lorenzo Lo Muzio. 2021. "Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma on Gingiva, Edentulous Ridge, and Retromolar Pad: A Case Series" Oral 1, no. 2: 159-167. https://doi.org/10.3390/oral1020016

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop