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Developing the Rationale for Including Virtual Reality in Cognitive Rehabilitation and Exercise Training Approaches for Managing Cognitive Dysfunction in MS

1
Kessler Foundation, West Orange, NJ 07052, USA
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ugo Nocentini
NeuroSci 2022, 3(2), 200-213; https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci3020015
Received: 11 March 2022 / Revised: 28 March 2022 / Accepted: 30 March 2022 / Published: 3 April 2022
Cognitive impairment is a common and detrimental consequence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and current rehabilitation methods are insufficient. Cognitive rehabilitation (CR) and exercise training (ET) are the most promising behavioral approaches to mitigate cognitive deficits, but effects are small and do not effectively translate to improvements in everyday function. This article presents a conceptual framework supporting the use of virtual reality (VR) as an ideal, common adjuvant traditional CR and ET in MS. VR could strengthen the effects of CR and ET by increasing sensory input and promoting multisensory integration and processing during rehabilitation. For ET specifically, VR can also help incorporate components of CR into exercise sessions. In addition, VR can enhance the transfer of cognitive improvements to everyday functioning by providing a more ecologically valid training environment. There is a clear interest in adding VR to traditional rehabilitation techniques for neurological populations, a stronger body of evidence of this unique approach is needed in MS. Finally, to better understand how to best utilize VR in rehabilitation for cognitive deficits in MS, more systematic research is needed to better understand the mechanism(s) of action of VR with CR and ET. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiple sclerosis; cognition; cognitive rehabilitation; exercise training; virtual reality multiple sclerosis; cognition; cognitive rehabilitation; exercise training; virtual reality
MDPI and ACS Style

Wender, C.L.A.; DeLuca, J.; Sandroff, B.M. Developing the Rationale for Including Virtual Reality in Cognitive Rehabilitation and Exercise Training Approaches for Managing Cognitive Dysfunction in MS. NeuroSci 2022, 3, 200-213. https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci3020015

AMA Style

Wender CLA, DeLuca J, Sandroff BM. Developing the Rationale for Including Virtual Reality in Cognitive Rehabilitation and Exercise Training Approaches for Managing Cognitive Dysfunction in MS. NeuroSci. 2022; 3(2):200-213. https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci3020015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wender, Carly L. A., John DeLuca, and Brian M. Sandroff. 2022. "Developing the Rationale for Including Virtual Reality in Cognitive Rehabilitation and Exercise Training Approaches for Managing Cognitive Dysfunction in MS" NeuroSci 3, no. 2: 200-213. https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci3020015

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