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The Electromagnetic Will
Review

The Case for Octopus Consciousness: Unity

Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada
Academic Editor: James Sonne
NeuroSci 2021, 2(4), 405-415; https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci2040030
Received: 18 October 2021 / Revised: 21 November 2021 / Accepted: 21 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Neuroanatomy of Consciousness and the Will)
Birch et al. suggest that consciousness in any animal group must involve four aspects—perceptual richness, evaluative richness (affectivity), integration at one time (unity), and integration across time (temporality). This review will evaluate integration at one time in cephalopods, an area that offers many challenges. First, like most animals with a bilateral nervous system, cephalopods have laterality of brain function, and this challenges unity of function. Second, unlike most mammals, cephalopods have a heavy allocation of both neural and behavioural control to the periphery, especially in the case of octopuses. Third, like all animals, cephalopods gather information through several senses and there can be both unity within and competition between such information, challenging unity. Information gained across all these areas needs to be evaluated both in terms of the methodology used to gather information and the results of the investigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: consciousness; unity; octopuses; cephalopods consciousness; unity; octopuses; cephalopods
MDPI and ACS Style

Mather, J. The Case for Octopus Consciousness: Unity. NeuroSci 2021, 2, 405-415. https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci2040030

AMA Style

Mather J. The Case for Octopus Consciousness: Unity. NeuroSci. 2021; 2(4):405-415. https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci2040030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mather, Jennifer. 2021. "The Case for Octopus Consciousness: Unity" NeuroSci 2, no. 4: 405-415. https://doi.org/10.3390/neurosci2040030

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