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Article

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2,5-Dimethylfuran in Continuous-Flow System over Ni on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon

1
Department of Colloid Chemistry, Max Plank Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
2
Dipartimento di Chimica Ugo Schiff, Università degli Studi di Firenze, via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustain. Chem. 2020, 1(2), 106-115; https://doi.org/10.3390/suschem1020009
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 14 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
Waste lignocellulosic biomass is sustainable and an alternative feedstock to fossil resources. Among the lignocellulosic derived compounds, 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF) is a promising building block for chemicals, e.g., p-xylene, and a valuable biofuel. DMF can be obtained from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) via catalytic deoxygenation using non-noble metals such as Ni in the presence of H2. Herein, we present the synthesis of DMF from HMF using 35 wt.% Ni on nitrogen-doped carbon pellets (35Ni/NDC) as a catalyst in a continuous flow system. The conversion of HMF to DMF was studied at different hydrogen pressures, reaction temperatures, and space times. At the best reaction conditions, i.e., 423 K, 8.0 MPa, and space time 6.4 kgNi h kgHMF−1, the 35Ni/NDC catalyst exhibited high catalytic activity with HMF conversion of 99 mol% and 80 mol% of DMF. These findings can potentially contribute to the transition toward the production of sustainable fine chemicals and liquid transportation fuels. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; 5-hydroxymethylfurfural; 2,5-dimethylfyran; nitrogen-doped carbon; continuous flow system; nickel biomass; 5-hydroxymethylfurfural; 2,5-dimethylfyran; nitrogen-doped carbon; continuous flow system; nickel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brandi, F.; Bäumel, M.; Shekova, I.; Molinari, V.; Al-Naji, M. 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2,5-Dimethylfuran in Continuous-Flow System over Ni on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon. Sustain. Chem. 2020, 1, 106-115. https://doi.org/10.3390/suschem1020009

AMA Style

Brandi F, Bäumel M, Shekova I, Molinari V, Al-Naji M. 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2,5-Dimethylfuran in Continuous-Flow System over Ni on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon. Sustainable Chemistry. 2020; 1(2):106-115. https://doi.org/10.3390/suschem1020009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brandi, Francesco, Marius Bäumel, Irina Shekova, Valerio Molinari, and Majd Al-Naji. 2020. "5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Hydrodeoxygenation to 2,5-Dimethylfuran in Continuous-Flow System over Ni on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon" Sustainable Chemistry 1, no. 2: 106-115. https://doi.org/10.3390/suschem1020009

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