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Article

A Pilot Study of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Programme in Patients Suffering from Atopic Dermatitis

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Institute of General Medicine, University Clinic, 80333 Munich, Germany
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Forum for Mindfulness and Stress Management, KEB Munich and Freising, 80333 Munich, Germany
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CK-CARE AG, Education, 7265 Davos, Switzerland
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Department of Adult Education, University of Teacher Education, 6000 Lucerne, Switzerland
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Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Technical University Munich, 80802 Munich, Germany
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SAGE Institute for Mindfulness and Health, 10115 Berlin, Germany
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Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Zürich, 8091 Zürich, Switzerland
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Division of Health Promotion, University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 96450 Coburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Luca Cerniglia and Jacek C. Szepietowski
Psych 2021, 3(4), 663-672; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040042
Received: 26 August 2021 / Revised: 1 November 2021 / Accepted: 11 November 2021 / Published: 17 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Psychodermatology)
Introduction: Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) have several potential stressors including the symptoms of the disease itself, the stigmatization due to their appearance, and emotional and psychological strain. Psychological factors and stress can trigger and exacerbate the symptoms of skin diseases and there is evidence that stress has a relevant clinical effect on the function of skin cells in vivo. Our objective was to evaluate in a pilot study the feasibility, acceptance, and effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programme in AD patients in a clinical setting. Methods: 10 patients took part in an 8-week MBSR programme, which included, e.g., mindful and conscious awareness of the body and bodywork, and seated meditation. We assessed sociodemographics and disease related variables with standardized measures at predefined time points including Score of Atopic Dermatitis, Patient Oriented Eczema Measure, Dermatology Life Quality Index, Perceived Stress Questionnaire, Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI), and others. Participants also gave qualitative feedback regarding the effects of the intervention. Results: The mean age was 53.10 years (SD = 15.04), seven patients were female, and disease duration was 36.6 years (SD = 25.5). Calculating pre-post effect sizes (Cohen’s d), the FMI indicated significant improvement in the “presence” and “acceptance” subscales. There was also tendency for less stress. This was confirmed by the qualitative statements of the participants. Conclusions: The MBSR programme is feasible and acceptable for AD patients. Considering the long disease history and the severity of disease burden, the effects of this intervention seem promising as an adjunct to conventional treatments for patients with AD. View Full-Text
Keywords: atopic dermatitis; stress; mindfulness stress reduction; psychosomatic interactions; eczema atopic dermatitis; stress; mindfulness stress reduction; psychosomatic interactions; eczema
MDPI and ACS Style

Offenbächer, M.; Seitlinger, M.; Münch, D.; Schnopp, C.; Darsow, U.; Harfensteller, J.; Schmid-Grendelmeier, P.; Ring, J.; Kohls, N. A Pilot Study of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Programme in Patients Suffering from Atopic Dermatitis. Psych 2021, 3, 663-672. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040042

AMA Style

Offenbächer M, Seitlinger M, Münch D, Schnopp C, Darsow U, Harfensteller J, Schmid-Grendelmeier P, Ring J, Kohls N. A Pilot Study of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Programme in Patients Suffering from Atopic Dermatitis. Psych. 2021; 3(4):663-672. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Offenbächer, Martin, Michael Seitlinger, Daniela Münch, Christina Schnopp, Ulf Darsow, Julia Harfensteller, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Johannes Ring, and Niko Kohls. 2021. "A Pilot Study of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Programme in Patients Suffering from Atopic Dermatitis" Psych 3, no. 4: 663-672. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040042

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