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Article

Listening to People with Misophonia: Exploring the Multiple Dimensions of Sound Intolerance Using a New Psychometric Tool, the S-Five, in a Large Sample of Individuals Identifying with the Condition

1
Psychometrics and Measurement Lab, Biostatistics and Health Informatics Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College, London SE5 8AB, UK
2
Centre for Anxiety Disorders and Trauma, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London SE5 8AZ, UK
3
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX2 6GG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Philipp Doebler
Psych 2021, 3(4), 639-662; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040041
Received: 10 August 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 20 October 2021 / Published: 28 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Prominent Papers in Psych- 2021-2023!)
Misophonia involves a strong emotional response to certain sounds and can cause significant distress and functional impairment. The aim of this study was to present and psychometrically evaluate a new, multidimensional measure of misophonia, the S-Five. The study also aimed to present and test a supplementary tool, a checklist of triggers that measure the nature and intensity of reactions. The stages of development for the measure are described. Psychometric testing on the final version of the tool was conducted using a sample of 828 individuals who identified with having misophonia. Analyses included factor structure assessment, measurement invariance testing, reliability (test–retest and internal consistency), and (concurrent) convergent validity assessment. Five factors emerged in the S-Five as dimensions of the experience of misophonia: internalising appraisals, externalising appraisals, sense of emotional threat, outbursts, and impact. No measurement bias was identified with respect to gender and age. All reliability and validity indices were satisfactory. The S-Five is a multidimensional measurement scale with satisfactory psychometric properties and will be a valuable tool for improving understanding of misophonia in research and clinical settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: misophonia; psychometrics; selective sound sensitivity syndrome misophonia; psychometrics; selective sound sensitivity syndrome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vitoratou, S.; Uglik-Marucha, N.; Hayes, C.; Gregory, J. Listening to People with Misophonia: Exploring the Multiple Dimensions of Sound Intolerance Using a New Psychometric Tool, the S-Five, in a Large Sample of Individuals Identifying with the Condition. Psych 2021, 3, 639-662. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040041

AMA Style

Vitoratou S, Uglik-Marucha N, Hayes C, Gregory J. Listening to People with Misophonia: Exploring the Multiple Dimensions of Sound Intolerance Using a New Psychometric Tool, the S-Five, in a Large Sample of Individuals Identifying with the Condition. Psych. 2021; 3(4):639-662. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vitoratou, Silia, Nora Uglik-Marucha, Chloe Hayes, and Jane Gregory. 2021. "Listening to People with Misophonia: Exploring the Multiple Dimensions of Sound Intolerance Using a New Psychometric Tool, the S-Five, in a Large Sample of Individuals Identifying with the Condition" Psych 3, no. 4: 639-662. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3040041

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