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Article

Gender Difference in Social Capital, Common Mental Disorders and Depression: ELSA-Brasil Study

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Department of Epidemiology and Quantitative Methods in Health, National School of Public Health, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro 21040-360, RJ, Brazil
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Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 30130-100, MG, Brazil
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Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre 90040-060, RS, Brazil
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Department of Social Medicine and Post-Graduate Program in Collective Health, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória 29047-105, ES, Brazil
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Laboratory of Health and Environment Education. Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro 21040-360, RJ, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Psych 2020, 2(1), 85-96; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010009
Received: 27 January 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 9 March 2020 / Published: 13 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Health, Social Psychology and Psychiatry)
Association studies between social capital and health point out that a high level of social capital can act as a protector for mental health. The growing interest in social risk factors for mental health coincides with the development of social capital research. Higher levels of social capital available through social networks can act as a protector for mental health. This study investigates gender differences in the association between social capital and common mental disorders (CMD) and depression. We analyzed 15,052 participants in the baseline of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). CMD and depression were assessed by Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R) and social capital by the Resource Generator scale. We used Logistic regression models stratified by sex. Women with lower social capital in the social support dimension had a greater chance of presenting CMD (OR = 1.36; CI 95%: 1.16–1.60) and depression (OR = 2.07; CI 95%: 1.57–2.72) when compared to women with higher social capital. No association was identified among men, or among women in the “prestige and education” dimension. The differences found between the dimensions of social capital support its multidimensionality, as well as the differences found between sexes, confirm the need to approach gender in its association with mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: common mental disorders; depression; social capital; logistic models common mental disorders; depression; social capital; logistic models
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paiva Souto, E.; Moreno, A.B.; Chor, D.; Melo, E.C.P.; Barreto, S.M.; Nunes, M.A.; Carmen Viana, M.; H. Griep, R. Gender Difference in Social Capital, Common Mental Disorders and Depression: ELSA-Brasil Study. Psych 2020, 2, 85-96. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010009

AMA Style

Paiva Souto E, Moreno AB, Chor D, Melo ECP, Barreto SM, Nunes MA, Carmen Viana M, H. Griep R. Gender Difference in Social Capital, Common Mental Disorders and Depression: ELSA-Brasil Study. Psych. 2020; 2(1):85-96. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paiva Souto, Ester, Arlinda B. Moreno, Dóra Chor, Enirtes C.P. Melo, Sandhi M. Barreto, Maria A. Nunes, Maria Carmen Viana, and Rosane H. Griep. 2020. "Gender Difference in Social Capital, Common Mental Disorders and Depression: ELSA-Brasil Study" Psych 2, no. 1: 85-96. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych2010009

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