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Article

Improving Community Resilience and Emergency Plans by Mapping Risk and Preparedness at the Neighborhood Scale

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Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Mitzpe Ramon 8060000, Israel
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Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Eilat Campus, Eilat 8855630, Israel
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Mitzpe Ramon Local Council, Mitzpe Ramon 8060000, Israel
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Fioscope GmbH, Dresden, 01705 Freital, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christopher Emrich and Bradley Wilson
GeoHazards 2021, 2(2), 120-136; https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards2020007
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 29 May 2021 / Published: 4 June 2021
People living in areas of significant seismic risk seldom undertake sufficient preparations to safeguard their families. This is most problematic in remote communities such as those along the Dead Sea Fault, Israel, where self-reliance is a key factor in coping with disasters. To facilitate individual and familial involvement in earthquake preparedness in remote areas, we designed a tool for self-assessment of risk and preparedness. The personalized risk assessment is based on national hazard and building standards, and on personal input regarding structure characteristics. The risk and preparedness evaluations enhance awareness and provide immediate feedback to help users improve familial preparedness. The spatial analysis of the data collected is used to form high-resolution maps that expose specific challenges for emergency responses. A study conducted in the town of Mitzpe Ramon exposed neighborhoods with a relatively high risk of damage and low preparedness. Integrating these results with seasonal stress-factors such as peak tourism and extreme weather, provides new and important insights into the ability of the local community and emergency forces to cope with multihazard situations. An analysis of the heterogeneous distribution of expected hardship within a community should be implemented worldwide to improve risk mitigation. View Full-Text
Keywords: community resilience; risk reduction; disaster response; preparedness; seasonality in emergency community resilience; risk reduction; disaster response; preparedness; seasonality in emergency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Finzi, Y.; Ganz, N.; Limon, Y.; Langer, S. Improving Community Resilience and Emergency Plans by Mapping Risk and Preparedness at the Neighborhood Scale. GeoHazards 2021, 2, 120-136. https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards2020007

AMA Style

Finzi Y, Ganz N, Limon Y, Langer S. Improving Community Resilience and Emergency Plans by Mapping Risk and Preparedness at the Neighborhood Scale. GeoHazards. 2021; 2(2):120-136. https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards2020007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Finzi, Yaron, Noam Ganz, Yoash Limon, and Sebastian Langer. 2021. "Improving Community Resilience and Emergency Plans by Mapping Risk and Preparedness at the Neighborhood Scale" GeoHazards 2, no. 2: 120-136. https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards2020007

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