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Article

Innovative Vibrating Hydraulic Dredge for Striped Venus (Chamelea gallina) Fishing

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Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise “G. Caporale”, 64100 Teramo, Italy
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Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria (CREA), Centro di ricerca Ingegneria e Trasformazioni agroalimentari, Via della Pascolare 16, 00015 Rome, Italy
3
Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (ICM-CSIC), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
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Istituto G. Brunelli, 04016 Sabaudia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Marinello
AgriEngineering 2022, 4(1), 1-16; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010001
Received: 17 November 2021 / Revised: 3 January 2022 / Accepted: 4 January 2022 / Published: 6 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evaluation of New Technological Solutions in Agriculture)
This work proposes the experimentation of an innovative hydraulic dredge for clam fishing (Chamelea gallina) in the Adriatic Sea (Italy). This innovative gear aimed at increasing the selectivity of the typical hydraulic dredge used currently, while at the same reducing the impact on benthos through the conception, installation, and experimentation of innovative technological solutions, consisting mainly of a vibrating bottom panel on the dredge and a “warning device” on the dredge mouth. Comparative experiments of the traditional vs. the modified gear, employing two boats fishing in parallel on the northern coast of Abruzzi (Adriatic Sea) and contrasting the catch with both paired comparisons and through modelling, showed that the innovative hydraulic dredge retains fewer undersize clams while yielding similar amounts of commercial product, moreover of higher quality; at the same time, it takes on board less discard, and catches significantly less vagile fauna. In short, the innovative gear is gaining five times over a list of six parameters considered as positive and/or advantageous for the clam fishery. The results allow proposals of potential improvements to clam-fishing instruments to make the selection processes more effective while promoting a lower impacting fishery, which is essential for clam management. View Full-Text
Keywords: clam; selectivity; striped venus clam; innovative gear; Adriatic Sea clam; selectivity; striped venus clam; innovative gear; Adriatic Sea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mascilongo, G.; Costa, C.; Chatzievangelou, D.; Pochi, D.; Fanigliulo, R.; Di Giacinto, F.; Di Renzo, L.; Giansante, C.; Ferri, N.; D'Alterio, N.; Costa, C.; Bianchini, M.L. Innovative Vibrating Hydraulic Dredge for Striped Venus (Chamelea gallina) Fishing. AgriEngineering 2022, 4, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010001

AMA Style

Mascilongo G, Costa C, Chatzievangelou D, Pochi D, Fanigliulo R, Di Giacinto F, Di Renzo L, Giansante C, Ferri N, D'Alterio N, Costa C, Bianchini ML. Innovative Vibrating Hydraulic Dredge for Striped Venus (Chamelea gallina) Fishing. AgriEngineering. 2022; 4(1):1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mascilongo, Giuseppina, Corrado Costa, Damianos Chatzievangelou, Daniele Pochi, Roberto Fanigliulo, Federica Di Giacinto, Ludovica Di Renzo, Carla Giansante, Nicola Ferri, Nicola D'Alterio, Claudio Costa, and Marco L. Bianchini. 2022. "Innovative Vibrating Hydraulic Dredge for Striped Venus (Chamelea gallina) Fishing" AgriEngineering 4, no. 1: 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010001

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