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Performance Assessment of Farm Machinery for Persimmon Fruit Cultivation in a Japanese Mountainous Area

Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Kindai University, 3327-204 Nakamachi, Nara 631-8505, Japan
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Academic Editor: Francesco Marinello
AgriEngineering 2022, 4(1), 17-31; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010002
Received: 1 December 2021 / Revised: 5 January 2022 / Accepted: 6 January 2022 / Published: 13 January 2022
Japanese agriculture is facing a decrease in agricultural workers. Mechanization, both to save time and reduce physical input, is essential to solving this issue. Recent worldwide progress in Internet-of-things technology has enabled the application of remote-controlled and unmanned machinery in agriculture. This study was conducted in the Gojo-Yoshino mountainous region in Nara, Japan, which is famous for its persimmon cultivation. The performance of newly introduced smart agricultural machinery was studied in the field by simulating cultivation work. The results showed that the remote-control weeder, speed sprayer, and remote-control mini crawler carrier saved 90%, 75%, and 5% of weeding, spraying, and harvesting times, respectively, when compared with conventional methods. Such time savings led to an 8% decrease in the total working time spent on persimmon cultivation. In addition, using the speed sprayer showed improvement in the fruit’s quality. Results of the power assist suits did not show a time-saving effect but showed a reduction of physical burden. These results suggest that the mechanization of persimmon cultivation is efficient and labor-saving, and satisfies the need for farmers. However, the high investment costs remain an issue in extending mechanization to the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: persimmons; smart farming machinery; weeder; speed sprayer; assist suit; mini crawler carrier persimmons; smart farming machinery; weeder; speed sprayer; assist suit; mini crawler carrier
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yamamoto, A.; Kusudo, T.; Kimura, M.; Matsuno, Y. Performance Assessment of Farm Machinery for Persimmon Fruit Cultivation in a Japanese Mountainous Area. AgriEngineering 2022, 4, 17-31. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010002

AMA Style

Yamamoto A, Kusudo T, Kimura M, Matsuno Y. Performance Assessment of Farm Machinery for Persimmon Fruit Cultivation in a Japanese Mountainous Area. AgriEngineering. 2022; 4(1):17-31. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yamamoto, Atsushi, Tsumugu Kusudo, Masaomi Kimura, and Yutaka Matsuno. 2022. "Performance Assessment of Farm Machinery for Persimmon Fruit Cultivation in a Japanese Mountainous Area" AgriEngineering 4, no. 1: 17-31. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriengineering4010002

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