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Role of Smart Cities in Optimizing Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Opportunities in Nagpur, India

1
Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, 5322 Endo, Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture 252-0882, Japan
2
Department of Architecture and Planning, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, South Ambazari Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440010, India
3
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), 2108-11 Kamiyamaguchi, Hayama, Kanagawa Prefecture 240-0115, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Smart Cities 2020, 3(4), 1266-1292; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3040062
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
The evolving concept of ‘Smart Cities’ (SC) is today gaining global momentum in scientific and policy arenas. With the rising potential for jobs and improved lifestyle, these fast-growing cities are witnessing an ever-increasing concentration of populations and economic activities. However, the core aspect of sustainability is often overshadowed in SC by the components of economic growth. In view of the rising water, energy, and food (collectively referred to as WEF) demands in cities and the interlinkages between WEF systems, this study aims to highlight the role of SC in enhancing WEF resource efficiency from a nexus perspective. To study the current trends of SC developments first, a specific case of proposed Nagpur smart city (India) is reviewed based on document analysis and preliminary discussions with local government officials. Thereafter, bibliometric analysis (based on Scopus data) is conducted to establish a comprehensive understanding of existing SC research in varying domains of interlinked WEF systems. While the proposed Nagpur smart city is observably focused on city-centric goals with a high emphasis on infrastructure development, this study underlines the need for environmental resource conservation at a transboundary level. The key opportunities for optimizing the WEF nexus in Nagpur are then highlighted in reference to the bibliometric analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart cities; information and communication technology; water-energy-food nexus; integrated resource management; Nagpur; bibliometric analysis smart cities; information and communication technology; water-energy-food nexus; integrated resource management; Nagpur; bibliometric analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sukhwani, V.; Shaw, R.; Deshkar, S.; Mitra, B.K.; Yan, W. Role of Smart Cities in Optimizing Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Opportunities in Nagpur, India. Smart Cities 2020, 3, 1266-1292. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3040062

AMA Style

Sukhwani V, Shaw R, Deshkar S, Mitra BK, Yan W. Role of Smart Cities in Optimizing Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Opportunities in Nagpur, India. Smart Cities. 2020; 3(4):1266-1292. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3040062

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sukhwani, Vibhas; Shaw, Rajib; Deshkar, Sameer; Mitra, Bijon K.; Yan, Wanglin. 2020. "Role of Smart Cities in Optimizing Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Opportunities in Nagpur, India" Smart Cities 3, no. 4: 1266-1292. https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3040062

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