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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Smart City Strategies and Planned Smart Development

1
School of Geography and Planning, Cardiff University, Glamorgan Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff CF10 3WA, UK
2
School of Politics and Governance, National Research University Higher School of Economics, 101000 Moscow, Russia
3
Faculty of Environmental Studies, 137 Health, Nursing & Environmental Studies Building, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Smart Cities 2020, 3(4), 1133-1144; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3040056
Received: 27 August 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 3 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for Smart Cities)
Smart city strategies developed by cities around the world provide a useful resource for insights into the future of smart development. This study examines such strategies to identify plans for the explicit deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics. A total of 12 case studies emerged from an online keyword search representing cities of various sizes globally. The search was based on the keywords of “artificial intelligence” (or “AI”), and “robot,” representing robotics and associated terminology. Based on the findings, it is evident that the more concentrated deployment of AI and robotics in smart city development is currently in the Global North, although countries in the Global South are also increasingly represented. Multiple cities in Australia and Canada actively seek to develop AI and robotics, and Moscow has one of the most in-depth elaborations for this deployment. The ramifications of these plans are discussed as part of cyber–physical systems alongside consideration given to the social and ethical implications.
Keywords: case studies; smart city strategies; artificial intelligence (AI); robotization; cyber–physical systems case studies; smart city strategies; artificial intelligence (AI); robotization; cyber–physical systems
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Golubchikov, O.; Thornbush, M. Artificial Intelligence and Robotics in Smart City Strategies and Planned Smart Development. Smart Cities 2020, 3, 1133-1144.

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