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Adult NREM Parasomnias: An Update

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway
Department of Neurology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK
Department of Sleep Medicine, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4SA, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Clocks & Sleep 2019, 1(1), 87-104;
Received: 23 August 2018 / Revised: 13 November 2018 / Accepted: 15 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
PDF [305 KB, uploaded 19 December 2018]


Our understanding of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) parasomnias has improved considerably over the last two decades, with research that characterises and explores the causes of these disorders. However, our understanding is far from complete. The aim of this paper is to provide an updated review focusing on adult NREM parasomnias and highlighting new areas in NREM parasomnia research from the recent literature. We outline the prevalence, clinical characteristics, role of onset, pathophysiology, role of predisposing, priming and precipitating factors, diagnostic criteria, treatment options and medico-legal implications of adult NREM parasomnias. View Full-Text
Keywords: NREM parasomnias; slow-wave sleep disorders; parasomnias; adult; arousal disorders; review NREM parasomnias; slow-wave sleep disorders; parasomnias; adult; arousal disorders; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hrozanova, M.; Morrison, I.; Riha, R.L. Adult NREM Parasomnias: An Update. Clocks & Sleep 2019, 1, 87-104.

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