Delayed Sleep in Winter Related to Natural Daylight Exposure among Arctic Day Workers
AbstractNatural daylight exposures in arctic regions vary substantially across seasons. Negative consequences have been observed in self-reports of sleep and daytime functions during the winter but have rarely been studied in detail. The focus of the present study set out to investigate sleep seasonality among indoor workers using objective and subjective measures. Sleep seasonality among daytime office workers (n = 32) in Kiruna (Sweden, 67.86° N, 20.23° E) was studied by comparing the same group of workers in a winter and summer week, including work and days off at the weekend, using actigraphs (motion loggers) and subjective ratings of alertness and mood. Actigraph analyses showed delayed sleep onset of 39 min in winter compared to the corresponding summer week (p < 0.0001) and shorter weekly sleep duration by 12 min (p = 0.0154). A delay of mid-sleep was present in winter at workdays (25 min, p < 0.0001) and more strongly delayed during days off (46 min, p < 0.0001). Sleepiness levels were higher in winter compared to summer (p < 0.05). Increased morning light exposure was associated with earlier mid-sleep (p < 0.001), while increased evening light exposure was associated with delay (p < 0.01). This study confirms earlier work that suggests that lack of natural daylight delays the sleep/wake cycle in a group of indoor workers, despite having access to electric lighting. Photic stimuli resulted in a general advanced sleep/wake rhythm during summer and increased alertness levels. View Full-Text
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Lowden, A.; Lemos, N.A.M.; Gonçalves, B.S.B.; Öztürk, G.; Louzada, F.; Pedrazzoli, M.; Moreno, C.R. Delayed Sleep in Winter Related to Natural Daylight Exposure among Arctic Day Workers. Clocks & Sleep 2019, 1, 105-116.
Lowden A, Lemos NAM, Gonçalves BSB, Öztürk G, Louzada F, Pedrazzoli M, Moreno CR. Delayed Sleep in Winter Related to Natural Daylight Exposure among Arctic Day Workers. Clocks & Sleep. 2019; 1(1):105-116.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lowden, Arne; Lemos, Nelson A.M.; Gonçalves, Bruno S.B.; Öztürk, Gülçin; Louzada, Fernando; Pedrazzoli, Mario; Moreno, Claudia R. 2019. "Delayed Sleep in Winter Related to Natural Daylight Exposure among Arctic Day Workers." Clocks & Sleep 1, no. 1: 105-116.