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Portrait of an Etruscan Athletic Official: A Multi-Analytical Study of a Painted Terracotta Wall Panel

1
Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, CA 90049, USA
2
The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA 90049, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joanne Dyer
Heritage 2021, 4(4), 4596-4608; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040253
Received: 28 October 2021 / Revised: 2 December 2021 / Accepted: 4 December 2021 / Published: 9 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polychromy in Ancient Sculpture and Architecture)
The Getty’s Etruscan painted terracotta wall panel, Athletic Official, recently has been speculated to be associated with a Caeretan wall panel depicting a Discobolus based on a shared iconography. To better understand the materials and techniques used to create the Getty panel and investigate its relation to extant Etruscan painted terracotta panels, a multi-analytical study was conducted, using broadband visible, IR, and UV imaging, along with scanning MA-XRF, FORS, Raman, SEM-EDS, and XRD analytical techniques. The analytical results together with PCA analysis suggest the clay support of the Getty panel is most similar in composition to that of panels from Cerveteri. A manganese black was identified in the decorative scheme; not commonly employed, this appears to be an important marker for the workshop practice in Cerveteri. Most significantly, the use of MA-XRF scanning allowed for invisible ruling lines on the Athletic Official, presumably laid down at the earliest stages of the creation of the panel, to be visualized. Taken together, the results of this study provide new insights into Caeretan workshop practice as well as provide a framework for better understanding the design and execution of Etruscan polychromy. View Full-Text
Keywords: Etruscan; MA-XRF; terracotta; provenance Etruscan; MA-XRF; terracotta; provenance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ganio, M.; MacLennan, D.; Svoboda, M.; Lyons, C.; Trentelman, K. Portrait of an Etruscan Athletic Official: A Multi-Analytical Study of a Painted Terracotta Wall Panel. Heritage 2021, 4, 4596-4608. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040253

AMA Style

Ganio M, MacLennan D, Svoboda M, Lyons C, Trentelman K. Portrait of an Etruscan Athletic Official: A Multi-Analytical Study of a Painted Terracotta Wall Panel. Heritage. 2021; 4(4):4596-4608. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ganio, Monica, Douglas MacLennan, Marie Svoboda, Claire Lyons, and Karen Trentelman. 2021. "Portrait of an Etruscan Athletic Official: A Multi-Analytical Study of a Painted Terracotta Wall Panel" Heritage 4, no. 4: 4596-4608. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage4040253

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