Next Article in Journal
Assessing the Ecological Impact of Ultramarathon Events in Protected Natural Sites: ‘Le Grand Raid Réunion’
Next Article in Special Issue
The “oro di metà” Gilding in the Fifteenth-Century: A Multi-Analytical Investigation
Previous Article in Journal
Protection of Cultural Heritage in Thessaloniki: A Review of Designation Actions
Article

Casting Light on 20th-Century Parisian Artistic Bronze: Insights from Compositional Studies of Sculptures Using Hand-Held X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy

1
Center for Scientific Studies in the Arts, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
2
The Getty Conservation Institute, 1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 700, Los Angeles, CA 90049, USA
3
Department of Art history, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
4
QuesTek Innovations LLC, 1820 Ridge Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201, USA
5
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60603, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Heritage 2019, 2(1), 732-748; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2010047
Received: 2 January 2019 / Revised: 9 February 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 21 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances of Analytical Chemistry in Cultural Heritage)
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, Paris was home to scores of bronze foundries making it the primary European center for the production of artistic bronzes, or bronzes d’art. These foundries were competitive, employing different casting methods—either lost-wax or sand casting—as well as closely guarded alloy and patina recipes. Recent studies have demonstrated that accurate measurements of the metal composition of these casts can provide art historians of early 20th-century bronze sculpture with a richer understanding of an object’s biography, and help answer questions about provenance and authenticity. In this paper, data from 171 20th-century bronzes from Parisian foundries are presented revealing diachronic aspects of foundry production, such as varying compositional ranges for sand casting and lost-wax casting. This new detailed knowledge of alloy composition is most illuminating when the interpretation of the data focuses on casts by a single artist and is embedded within a specific historical context. As a case study, compositional analyses were undertaken on a group of 20th-century posthumous bronze casts of painted, unbaked clay caricature portrait busts by Honoré-Victorin Daumier (1808–1879). View Full-Text
Keywords: hand-held X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy; semi-quantitative elemental composition; artistic bronze; 20th century; foundry fingerprints hand-held X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy; semi-quantitative elemental composition; artistic bronze; 20th century; foundry fingerprints
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pouyet, E.; Ganio, M.; Motlani, A.; Saboo, A.; Casadio, F.; Walton, M. Casting Light on 20th-Century Parisian Artistic Bronze: Insights from Compositional Studies of Sculptures Using Hand-Held X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy. Heritage 2019, 2, 732-748. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2010047

AMA Style

Pouyet E, Ganio M, Motlani A, Saboo A, Casadio F, Walton M. Casting Light on 20th-Century Parisian Artistic Bronze: Insights from Compositional Studies of Sculptures Using Hand-Held X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy. Heritage. 2019; 2(1):732-748. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2010047

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pouyet, Emeline; Ganio, Monica; Motlani, Aisha; Saboo, Abhinav; Casadio, Francesca; Walton, Marc. 2019. "Casting Light on 20th-Century Parisian Artistic Bronze: Insights from Compositional Studies of Sculptures Using Hand-Held X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy" Heritage 2, no. 1: 732-748. https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2010047

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop