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Article

The European Commission’s Proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act—A Critical Assessment by Members of the Robotics and AI Law Society (RAILS)

1
Robotics & AI Law Society (RAILS), 12203 Berlin, Germany
2
Faculty of Law, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany
3
Center for Advanced Internet Studies (CAIS), 44799 Bochum, Germany
4
Faculty of Law, University of Potsdam, 14469 Potsdam, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ugo Pagallo and Massimo Durante
J 2021, 4(4), 589-603; https://doi.org/10.3390/j4040043
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 27 September 2021 / Accepted: 28 September 2021 / Published: 8 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Law)
On 21 April 2021, the European Commission presented its long-awaited proposal for a Regulation “laying down harmonized rules on Artificial Intelligence”, the so-called “Artificial Intelligence Act” (AIA). This article takes a critical look at the proposed regulation. After an introduction (1), the paper analyzes the unclear preemptive effect of the AIA and EU competences (2), the scope of application (3), the prohibited uses of Artificial Intelligence (AI) (4), the provisions on high-risk AI systems (5), the obligations of providers and users (6), the requirements for AI systems with limited risks (7), the enforcement system (8), the relationship of the AIA with the existing legal framework (9), and the regulatory gaps (10). The last section draws some final conclusions (11). View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial intelligence (AI); machine learning; European Union (EU); regulation; harmonization; Artificial Intelligence Act artificial intelligence (AI); machine learning; European Union (EU); regulation; harmonization; Artificial Intelligence Act
MDPI and ACS Style

Ebers, M.; Hoch, V.R.S.; Rosenkranz, F.; Ruschemeier, H.; Steinrötter, B. The European Commission’s Proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act—A Critical Assessment by Members of the Robotics and AI Law Society (RAILS). J 2021, 4, 589-603. https://doi.org/10.3390/j4040043

AMA Style

Ebers M, Hoch VRS, Rosenkranz F, Ruschemeier H, Steinrötter B. The European Commission’s Proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act—A Critical Assessment by Members of the Robotics and AI Law Society (RAILS). J. 2021; 4(4):589-603. https://doi.org/10.3390/j4040043

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ebers, Martin, Veronica R.S. Hoch, Frank Rosenkranz, Hannah Ruschemeier, and Björn Steinrötter. 2021. "The European Commission’s Proposal for an Artificial Intelligence Act—A Critical Assessment by Members of the Robotics and AI Law Society (RAILS)" J 4, no. 4: 589-603. https://doi.org/10.3390/j4040043

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