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Article

Elderly Body Movement Alteration at 2nd Experience of Digital Art Installation with Cognitive and Motivation Scores

1
The Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi 755-8611, Japan
2
Pediatrics, Saitama Medical University, Saitama 350-0495, Japan
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Suncoop, Yamaguchi 753-0872, Japan
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Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA
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Department of Cell and Regenerative Biology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA
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Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J 2020, 3(2), 138-150; https://doi.org/10.3390/j3020012
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 6 April 2020 / Published: 14 April 2020
The prevalence of advanced medical treatment has led to global population aging, resulting in increased numbers of dementia patients. One of the most intractable symptoms of dementia is apathy, or lack of interest and enthusiasm, which can accompany memory and cognitive deterioration. Development of a novel method to ameliorate apathy is desirable. In this feasibility trial, we propose a series of digital art installations as a candidate dementia intervention approach. Seven, three-minute scenes of digital images and sounds were presented to visitors either passively or in response to their reactions (motion and sound). We evaluated the potential of this application as an intervention against apathy in an elderly living home. We collected the dementia global standard Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and questionnaire scores of sensory pleasure and motivation along with behavioral motion data in twenty participants. We further compared responses between the first and second experiences in the thirteen participants that were present for both days. Overall, we found a significant increase in participants’ motivation. In these subjects, head and right hand motion increased over different scenes and MMSE degrees, but was most significant during passive scenes. Despite a small number of subjects and limited evaluations, this new digital art technology holds promise as an apathy intervention in the elderly and can be improved with use of wearable motion sensors. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); elderly motion; digital art installation; passive and interactive scenes Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); elderly motion; digital art installation; passive and interactive scenes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tao, T.; Sato, R.; Matsuda, Y.; Takata, J.; Kim, F.; Daikubara, Y.; Fujita, K.; Hanamoto, K.; Kinoshita, F.; Colman, R.; Koshiba, M. Elderly Body Movement Alteration at 2nd Experience of Digital Art Installation with Cognitive and Motivation Scores. J 2020, 3, 138-150. https://doi.org/10.3390/j3020012

AMA Style

Tao T, Sato R, Matsuda Y, Takata J, Kim F, Daikubara Y, Fujita K, Hanamoto K, Kinoshita F, Colman R, Koshiba M. Elderly Body Movement Alteration at 2nd Experience of Digital Art Installation with Cognitive and Motivation Scores. J. 2020; 3(2):138-150. https://doi.org/10.3390/j3020012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tao, Ting, Ryota Sato, Yusuke Matsuda, Jumpei Takata, Fijun Kim, Yukio Daikubara, Koji Fujita, Kotaro Hanamoto, Fumio Kinoshita, Ricki Colman, and Mamiko Koshiba. 2020. "Elderly Body Movement Alteration at 2nd Experience of Digital Art Installation with Cognitive and Motivation Scores" J 3, no. 2: 138-150. https://doi.org/10.3390/j3020012

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