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Tardive Dyskinesia and Dopamine Oxidation, Cumulative Effects

Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9121, USA
J 2019, 2(2), 138-141; https://doi.org/10.3390/j2020011
Received: 12 March 2019 / Revised: 27 March 2019 / Accepted: 29 March 2019 / Published: 31 March 2019
It is likely that tardive dyskinsesia is caused by the oxidation of dopamine in dopaminergic neurons. This oxidation produces oxygen radicals that damage neurons. Damage accumulates until tardive dyskinesia occurs. The use of dopamine D2 receptor inhibitors should be limited to the lowest doses for the shortest duration possible. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tardive Dyskinesia; dopamine oxidation; free radicals; D2 inhibitors Tardive Dyskinesia; dopamine oxidation; free radicals; D2 inhibitors
MDPI and ACS Style

Adams, J.D., Jr. Tardive Dyskinesia and Dopamine Oxidation, Cumulative Effects. J 2019, 2, 138-141.

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