Constraints to Synergistic Fe Mobilization from Calcareous Soil by a Phytosiderophore and a Reductant
AbstractSynergistic effects between ligand- and reductant-based Fe acquisition strategies can enhance the mobilization of Fe, but also of competing metals from soil. For phytosiderophores, this may alter the time and concentration window of Fe uptake during which plants can benefit from elevated Fe concentrations. We examined how the size of this window is affected by the ligand and reductant concentration and by non-simultaneous addition. To this end, a series of kinetic batch experiments was conducted with a calcareous clay soil to which the phytosiderophore 2′-deoxymugineic acid (DMA) and the reductant ascorbate were added at various concentrations, either simultaneously or with a one- or two-day lag time. Both simultaneous and non-simultaneous addition of the reductant and the phytosiderophore induced synergistic Fe mobilization. Furthermore, initial Fe mobilization rates increased with increasing reductant and phytosiderophore concentrations. However, the duration of the synergistic effect and the window of Fe uptake decreased with increasing reductant concentration due to enhanced competitive mobilization of other metals. Rate laws accurately describing synergistic mobilization of Fe and other metals from soil were parameterized. Synergistic Fe mobilization may be vital for the survival of plants and microorganisms in soils of low Fe availability. However, in order to optimally benefit from these synergistic effects, exudation of ligands and reductants in the rhizosphere need to be carefully matched. View Full-Text
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Schenkeveld, W.D.C.; Kraemer, S.M. Constraints to Synergistic Fe Mobilization from Calcareous Soil by a Phytosiderophore and a Reductant. Soil Syst. 2018, 2, 67.
Schenkeveld WDC, Kraemer SM. Constraints to Synergistic Fe Mobilization from Calcareous Soil by a Phytosiderophore and a Reductant. Soil Systems. 2018; 2(4):67.Chicago/Turabian Style
Schenkeveld, Walter D.C.; Kraemer, Stephan M. 2018. "Constraints to Synergistic Fe Mobilization from Calcareous Soil by a Phytosiderophore and a Reductant." Soil Syst. 2, no. 4: 67.
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