Arsenic Speciation of Contaminated Soils/Solid Wastes and Relative Oral Bioavailability in Swine and Mice
AbstractArsenic (As) is one of the most widespread, toxic elements in the environment, and human activities have resulted in a large number of contaminated areas. However abundant, the potential of As toxicity from exposure to contaminated soils is limited to the fraction that will dissolve in the gastrointestinal system and be absorbed into systemic circulation or bioavailable species. In part, the release of As from contaminated soil to gastrointestinal fluid depends on the form of solid phase As, also termed “As speciation”. In this study, 27 As-contaminated soils and solid wastes were analyzed using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and results were compared to in vivo bioavailability values determined using the adult mouse and juvenile swine bioassays. Arsenic bioavailability was lowest for soils that contained large amounts of arsenopyrite and highest for materials that contained large amounts of ferric arsenates. Soil and solid waste type and properties rather than the contamination source had the greatest influence on As speciation. Principal component analysis determined that As(V) adsorbed and ferric arsenates were the dominant species that control As speciation in the selected materials. Multiple linear regression (MLR) was used to determine the ability of As speciation to predict bioavailability. Arsenic speciation was predictive of 27% and 16% of Relative Bioavailable (RBA) As determined using the juvenile swine and adult mouse models, respectively. Arsenic speciation can provide a conservative estimate of RBA As using MLR for the juvenile swine and adult mouse bioassays at 55% and 53%, respectively. View Full-Text
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Stevens, B.N.; Betts, A.R.; Miller, B.W.; Scheckel, K.G.; Anderson, R.H.; Bradham, K.D.; Casteel, S.W.; Thomas, D.J.; Basta, N.T. Arsenic Speciation of Contaminated Soils/Solid Wastes and Relative Oral Bioavailability in Swine and Mice. Soil Syst. 2018, 2, 27.
Stevens BN, Betts AR, Miller BW, Scheckel KG, Anderson RH, Bradham KD, Casteel SW, Thomas DJ, Basta NT. Arsenic Speciation of Contaminated Soils/Solid Wastes and Relative Oral Bioavailability in Swine and Mice. Soil Systems. 2018; 2(2):27.Chicago/Turabian Style
Stevens, Brooke N.; Betts, Aaron R.; Miller, Bradley W.; Scheckel, Kirk G.; Anderson, Richard H.; Bradham, Karen D.; Casteel, Stan W.; Thomas, David J.; Basta, Nicholas T. 2018. "Arsenic Speciation of Contaminated Soils/Solid Wastes and Relative Oral Bioavailability in Swine and Mice." Soil Syst. 2, no. 2: 27.
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