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Novel Ideas in Nonleptonic Decays of Double Heavy Baryons

1
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Tübingen, Kepler Center for Astro and Particle Physics, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
2
Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Russia
3
PRISMA+ Cluster of Excellence, Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
4
Departamento de Física y Centro Científico Tecnológico de Valparaíso-CCTVal, Universidad écnica Federico Santa María, Casilla 110-V, Valparaíso, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Particles 2019, 2(2), 339-356; https://doi.org/10.3390/particles2020021
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 6 June 2019 / Accepted: 10 June 2019 / Published: 13 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue QCD and Hadron Structure)
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Abstract

The recent discovery of double charm baryon states by the LHCb Collaborarion and their high precision mass determination calls for a comprehensive analysis of the nonleptonic decays of double and single heavy baryons. Nonleptonic baryon decays play an important role in particle phenomenology since they allow for studying the interplay of long and short distance dynamics of the Standard Model (SM). Furthermore, they allow one to search for New Physics effects beyond the SM. We review recent progress in experimental and theoretical studies of the nonleptonic decays of heavy baryons with a focus on double charm baryon states and their decays. In particular, we discuss new ideas proposed by the present authors to calculate the W-exchange matrix elements of the nonleptonic decays of double heavy baryons. An important ingredient in our approach is the compositeness condition of Salam and Weinberg, and an effective implementation of infrared confinement both of which allow one to describe the nonperturbative structure of baryons composed of light and heavy quarks. Furthermore, we discuss an ab initio calculational method for the treatment of the so-called W-exchange diagrams generated by W ± boson exchange between quarks. We found that the W ± -exchange contributions are not suppressed in comparison with the tree-level (factorizing) diagrams and must be taken into account in the evaluation of matrix elements. Moreover, there are decay processes such as the doubly Cabibbo-suppressed decay Ξ c + p ϕ recently observed by the LHCb Collaboration, which is contributed to only by one single W-exchange diagram. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy baryons; light and heavy quark; hadronization; confinement; covariant constituent quark model; nonleptonic decays heavy baryons; light and heavy quark; hadronization; confinement; covariant constituent quark model; nonleptonic decays
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Gutsche, T.; Ivanov, M.A.; Körner, J.G.; Lyubovitskij, V.E. Novel Ideas in Nonleptonic Decays of Double Heavy Baryons. Particles 2019, 2, 339-356.

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