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Calculation of Critical Water Flow Rates for Wildfire Suppression

Edith Cowan University, School of Engineering, Joondalup Campus, Perth 6027, Australia
Edith Cowan University; School of Medical and Health Sciences, Joondalup Campus, Perth 6027, Australia
Rural Fire Division, Department of Fire and Emergency Services; Perth 6000, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 30 December 2018 / Published: 3 January 2019
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Predicting water suppression requirements and its impacts on firefighting strategies and logistics within the urban environment has been the subject of many previous studies, however the same level of research has yet to be applied in the realm of wildfire suppression. To work towards addressing this knowledge gap, this paper provides guidance for Incident Controllers in relation to critical water flow rates required to extinguish large wildfire across a wide range of forest fuel loads, fire weather and active fire front depths. This is achieved through mathematical empirical analysis of water flow rates required for head fire suppression during 540 simulated wildfires in forest vegetation. This research applies a fire engineering approach to wildfire suppression logistics and deterministically assess the suitability of appliance and aircraft based head fire suppression. The results highlight the limitations of offensive wildfire suppression involving direct head fire attacks by appliances once wildfires attain a quasi-steady state in forest fuels. View Full-Text
Keywords: wildfire; firefighting; bushfire; suppression; empirical modelling; siege; fire; water; logistics wildfire; firefighting; bushfire; suppression; empirical modelling; siege; fire; water; logistics

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Penney, G.; Habibi, D.; Cattani, M.; Carter, M. Calculation of Critical Water Flow Rates for Wildfire Suppression. Fire 2019, 2, 3.

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