Next Article in Journal
Modelling of the Radiant Heat Flux and Rate of Spread of Wildfire within the Urban Environment
Previous Article in Journal
Moisture Sorption Models for Fuel Beds of Standing Dead Grass in Alaska
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Calculation of Critical Water Flow Rates for Wildfire Suppression

1
Edith Cowan University, School of Engineering, Joondalup Campus, Perth 6027, Australia
2
Edith Cowan University; School of Medical and Health Sciences, Joondalup Campus, Perth 6027, Australia
3
Rural Fire Division, Department of Fire and Emergency Services; Perth 6000, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 30 December 2018 / Published: 3 January 2019
Full-Text   |   PDF [1729 KB, uploaded 3 January 2019]   |  

Abstract

Predicting water suppression requirements and its impacts on firefighting strategies and logistics within the urban environment has been the subject of many previous studies, however the same level of research has yet to be applied in the realm of wildfire suppression. To work towards addressing this knowledge gap, this paper provides guidance for Incident Controllers in relation to critical water flow rates required to extinguish large wildfire across a wide range of forest fuel loads, fire weather and active fire front depths. This is achieved through mathematical empirical analysis of water flow rates required for head fire suppression during 540 simulated wildfires in forest vegetation. This research applies a fire engineering approach to wildfire suppression logistics and deterministically assess the suitability of appliance and aircraft based head fire suppression. The results highlight the limitations of offensive wildfire suppression involving direct head fire attacks by appliances once wildfires attain a quasi-steady state in forest fuels. View Full-Text
Keywords: wildfire; firefighting; bushfire; suppression; empirical modelling; siege; fire; water; logistics wildfire; firefighting; bushfire; suppression; empirical modelling; siege; fire; water; logistics
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Penney, G.; Habibi, D.; Cattani, M.; Carter, M. Calculation of Critical Water Flow Rates for Wildfire Suppression. Fire 2019, 2, 3.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fire EISSN 2571-6255 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top