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Open AccessFeature PaperCommunication

Interfacial Dilational Viscoelasticity of Adsorption Layers at the Hydrocarbon/Water Interface: The Fractional Maxwell Model

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Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Technologies for Energy, Unit of Genoa, 16149 Genoa, Italy
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Institute of Biocolloid Chemistry, 03142 Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine
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Department of Colloid Chemistry, St. Petersburg State University, 198504 St. Petersburg, Russia
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Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, 14424 Potsdam/Golm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3(4), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids3040066
Received: 13 November 2019 / Revised: 5 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 December 2019 / Published: 10 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue B&D 2019)
In this communication, the single element version of the fractional Maxwell model (single-FMM or Scott–Blair model) is adopted to quantify the observed behavior of the linear interfacial dilational viscoelasticity. This mathematical tool is applied to the results obtained by capillary pressure experiments under low-gravity conditions aboard the International Space Station, for adsorption layers at the hydrocarbon/water interface. Two specific experimental sets of steady-state harmonic oscillations of interfacial area are reported, respectively: a drop of pure water into a Span-80 surfactant/paraffin-oil matrix and a pure n-hexane drop into a C13DMPO/TTAB mixed surfactants/aqueous-solution matrix. The fractional constitutive single-FMM is demonstrated to embrace the standard Maxwell model (MM) and the Lucassen–van-den-Tempel model (L–vdT), as particular cases. The single-FMM adequately fits the Span-80/paraffin-oil observed results, correctly predicting the frequency dependence of the complex viscoelastic modulus and the inherent phase-shift angle. In contrast, the single-FMM appears as a scarcely adequate tool to fit the observed behavior of the mixed-adsorption surfactants for the C13DMPO/TTAB/aqueous solution matrix (despite the single-FMM satisfactorily comparing to the phenomenology of the sole complex viscoelastic modulus). Further speculations are envisaged in order to devise combined FMM as rational guidance to interpret the properties and the interfacial structure of complex mixed surfactant adsorption systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: fractional Maxwell model; interfacial dilational viscoelasticity; mixed surfactant adsorption layer; water/paraffin-oil and water/hexane interface; drop oscillations; capillary pressure tensiometry; microgravity fractional Maxwell model; interfacial dilational viscoelasticity; mixed surfactant adsorption layer; water/paraffin-oil and water/hexane interface; drop oscillations; capillary pressure tensiometry; microgravity
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Loglio, G.; Kovalchuk, V.I.; Bykov, A.G.; Ferrari, M.; Krägel, J.; Liggieri, L.; Miller, R.; Noskov, B.A.; Pandolfini, P.; Ravera, F.; Santini, E. Interfacial Dilational Viscoelasticity of Adsorption Layers at the Hydrocarbon/Water Interface: The Fractional Maxwell Model. Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3, 66.

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