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Adsorption and Decomposition of Peroxides on the Surfaces of Dispersed Oxides Fe2O3, Cr2O3 and V2O5

Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Kyryla&Mefodia str. 6, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine
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Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids3010013
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 12 January 2019 / Accepted: 16 January 2019 / Published: 17 January 2019
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Abstract

The adsorption of peroxides on dispersed oxides Fe2O3, Cr2O3 and V2O5 was studied. It is shown that the adsorption of peroxides is described by the Langmuir equation. The adsorption of benzoyl peroxide grows within Fe2O3 < Cr2O3 < V2O5. Adsorption-desorption equilibrium constants (K) for Cr2O3 and V2O5 are the same, but for Fe2O3 this value is 6 times higher. The decomposition of peroxides is observed in the solution and on the surface of adsorbents. The effective activation energy (E) of the thermal decomposition of peroxides in the studied systems is in the range of 80–140 kJ/mol. The activation energy of degradation of peroxides on the surface (Es) of the dispersed oxides studied is lower. The degradation reaction of peroxides on the surface of Fe2O3 and V2O5 has an oxidation-reducing nature, during which free radicals are produced. On the surface of Cr2O3, there is a heterolytic decay of peroxides. The parameters of the reaction of peroxides decomposition are found. The decomposition of peroxides in the presence of Fe2O3, Cr2O3 and V2O5 in styrene is accompanied by the formation of polystyrene both in the solution and on the surface of the adsorbent. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption; peroxides; decomposition of peroxides; energy of activation; polymerization; polystyrene adsorption; peroxides; decomposition of peroxides; energy of activation; polymerization; polystyrene
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Dutka, V.; Aksimentyeva, O.; Oshchapovska, N.; Kovalskyi, Y.; Halechko, H. Adsorption and Decomposition of Peroxides on the Surfaces of Dispersed Oxides Fe2O3, Cr2O3 and V2O5. Colloids Interfaces 2019, 3, 13.

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