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A Review of In-Situ Grown Nanocomposite Coatings for Titanium Alloy Implants

College of Engineering and Technology, University of Derby, Derby DE1 3HD, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Compos. Sci. 2020, 4(2), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs4020041
Received: 1 August 2019 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 21 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposites for Biomedical Implants and Tissue Engineering)
Composite coatings are commonly applied to medical metal implants in order to improve biocompatibility and/or bioactivity. In this context, two types of titanium-based composite coatings have been reviewed as biocompatible and anti-bacterial coatings. The different composites can be synthesised on the surface of titanium using various methods, which have their own advantages and disadvantages. Moving with the smart and nanotechnology, multifunctional nanocomposite coatings have been introduced on implants and scaffolds for tissue engineering with the aim of providing more than one properties when required. In this context, titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes have been shown to enhance the properties of titanium-based implants as part of nanocomposite coatings. View Full-Text
Keywords: implants; tissue engineering; scaffolds; orthopaedics; composite; nanotechnology; smart technology; anti-wear; biocompatible; anti-bacterial implants; tissue engineering; scaffolds; orthopaedics; composite; nanotechnology; smart technology; anti-wear; biocompatible; anti-bacterial
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Gunputh, U.F.; Le, H. A Review of In-Situ Grown Nanocomposite Coatings for Titanium Alloy Implants. J. Compos. Sci. 2020, 4, 41.

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