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J. Otorhinolaryngol. Hear. Balance Med., Volume 3, Issue 2 (June 2022) – 4 articles

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12 pages, 892 KiB  
Article
The New Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19) and Hearing Function in Adults
by Maria Y. Boboshko, Ekaterina S. Garbaruk, Sof’ya M. Vikhnina, Larisa E. Golovanova, Elena A. Ogorodnikova, Anna V. Rabchevskaya and Ekaterina V. Zhilinskaia
J. Otorhinolaryngol. Hear. Balance Med. 2022, 3(2), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/ohbm3020005 - 16 Jun 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2300
Abstract
In this study, we assessed the impact of COVID-19 on the hearing function in adults. A total of 161 subjects were examined, and the results of a previous audiological examination of 24 patients were reviewed. Pure tone audiometry, impedancemetry, speech audiometry in quiet [...] Read more.
In this study, we assessed the impact of COVID-19 on the hearing function in adults. A total of 161 subjects were examined, and the results of a previous audiological examination of 24 patients were reviewed. Pure tone audiometry, impedancemetry, speech audiometry in quiet and noise, the Binaural Fusion Test, the dichotic digits test, and a cognitive status examination were performed. A total of 81% of patients complained about hearing disorders, and 43% noted memory impairment. According to pure tone audiometry, 24% of the subjects had normal hearing, while 76% had some degree of hearing loss. No significant changes in hearing thresholds were found in comparison with audiological examinations performed before COVID-19. Disorder of monosyllabic words’ intelligibility in quiet was found in 33% of patients, and in 42% in noise, along with low indicators in the dichotic digits test in 54% of patients. Moreover, 71% of patients had low scores on the MoCA scale that indicated cognitive impairment. Conclusions: The deterioration of speech test scores in patients after COVID-19 can occur due to central auditory processing disorders (CAPD), memory impairment, or changes in cognitive status in general. Full article
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11 pages, 1428 KiB  
Article
Study of the Agreement of the Apnea–Hypopnea Index Measured Simultaneously by Pressure Transducer via Respiratory Polygraphy and by Thermistor via Polysomnography in Real Time with the Same Individuals
by Bich-Ty Tran-Thi, Minh Quach-Thieu, Bao-Ngoc Le-Tran, Duy Nguyen-Duc, Nguyen Tran-Hiep, Thao Nguyen-Thi, Yen-Linh Nguyen-Ngoc, Anh Nguyen-Tuan, Tram Tang-Thi-Thao, Toi Nguyen-Van and Sy Duong-Quy
J. Otorhinolaryngol. Hear. Balance Med. 2022, 3(2), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/ohbm3020004 - 1 May 2022
Viewed by 3560
Abstract
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder and can lead to many severe complications; however, the majority of patients remain undiagnosed. Although polysomnography (PSG) remains the gold standard of diagnosis, it is usually uncomfortable and costly for patients. Purpose: The study [...] Read more.
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder and can lead to many severe complications; however, the majority of patients remain undiagnosed. Although polysomnography (PSG) remains the gold standard of diagnosis, it is usually uncomfortable and costly for patients. Purpose: The study aims to assess the agreement of the AHI measured by polygraphy (PG) (Philips Alice NightOne) with that of polysomnography (Philips Alice PDx) simultaneously recorded in-lab. Methods: A total of 11 voluntary participants over 18 years old underwent one night of simultaneous PSG and PG recording in sleep laboratories. Studied parameters (AHI, OAI, CAI, MAI, and minSpO2) were analyzed and reported by the Philips Sleepware G3 software. PSG and PG results were scored by qualified staff. Results: In terms of AHI, the mean AHI derived from PG was different from that of PSG—7.78 and 2.37 events/h, respectively. A Bland–Altman analysis of the AHI on PSG versus PG showed a mean difference of 5.41; limits of agreement (equal to ±2 standard deviations) were from −6.74 to 17.56. The Bland–Altman analysis showed a slight difference between the two methods, with a mean difference of −0.12 events/h in CAI, 1.35 events/h in OAI, and 0.42 events/h in MAI. Conclusions: In the population with a low suspicion of OSA, the PG showed a low agreement with the simultaneous PSG in the sleep lab. Therefore, PG should only be used as a screening method. Further studies with sufficient sensors in the expanded populations of OSA are needed. Full article
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5 pages, 266 KiB  
Article
Prevalence of New-Onset Otological Symptoms in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders
by Mirko Aldè, Henri Albert Didier, Aldo Bruno Giannì, Fabiola Sessa, Giulia Borromeo, Alexandre Henri Didier, Stefania Barozzi, Diego Zanetti and Federica Di Berardino
J. Otorhinolaryngol. Hear. Balance Med. 2022, 3(2), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/ohbm3020003 - 19 Apr 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2615
Abstract
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of new-onset otological symptoms and the possible associations between tinnitus and oral parafunctional habits among patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) who attended a Craniofacial Pain Outpatient and a Dentistry Clinic. The medical [...] Read more.
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of new-onset otological symptoms and the possible associations between tinnitus and oral parafunctional habits among patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) who attended a Craniofacial Pain Outpatient and a Dentistry Clinic. The medical reports and charts of patients who experienced TMD between 1 February 2016 and 31 December 2017 were reviewed, in order to evaluate the prevalence of new-onset aural fullness, vertigo and tinnitus. Tinnitus was also analyzed in more detail to evaluate possible associations with parafunctional habits. A total of 400 patients (301 females, 99 males) met the inclusion criteria, with a median age of 39.6 ± 15.6 years. Overall, new-onset otological symptoms were reported by 304 (76%) subjects with TMD. Among otological symptoms, aural fullness was the most common (n = 133, 33.3%), followed by tinnitus (n = 92, 23%) and vertigo (n = 79, 19.8%). No significant correlations were found between tinnitus and bruxism (p = 0.28), clenching (p = 0.11), nail-biting (p = 0.96), sleeping prone (p = 0.27), chewing gum (p = 0.99) and talking for a long time (p = 0.42). The present study suggests that all patients with TMD should be investigated for new-onset otological symptoms, regardless of oral parafunctional habits. Early diagnosis would allow to plan personalized and appropriate therapeutic and rehabilitative pathways, minimizing the negative impact due to TMD. Full article
2 pages, 188 KiB  
Editorial
Current Opinions in Otorhinolaryngology in Japan
by Norihiko Narita
J. Otorhinolaryngol. Hear. Balance Med. 2022, 3(2), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/ohbm3020002 - 15 Apr 2022
Viewed by 1778
Abstract
The field of otolaryngology has developed through the continuous efforts of otolaryngologists around the world [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Opinions in Otorhinolaryngology in Japan)
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