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Article

Characterization and Processing Behavior of Heated Aluminum-Polycarbonate Composite Build Plates for the FDM Additive Manufacturing Process

1
Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering and Engineering Management, University of Alabama in Huntsville, OKT N143, 301 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
2
Department of Industrial and Enterprise Systems Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Transportation Building 117, 104 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
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Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, Alabama A&M University, VMC 234, 4900 Meridian Street North, Normal, AL 35762, USA
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Department of Production Engineering, Federal University of Paraná, Rua XV de Novembro, 1299-Centro, Curitiba 80060-000, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp2010012
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 13 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 16 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additive Manufacturing)
One of the most essential components of the fused deposition modeling (FDM) additive manufacturing (AM) process is the build plate, the surface upon which the part is constructed. These are typically made from aluminum or glass, but there are clear disadvantages to both and restrictions on which materials can be processed on them successfully. This study examined the suitability of heated aluminum-polycarbonate (AL-PC) composite print beds for FDM, looking particularly at the mechanical properties, thermal behavior, deformation behavior, bonding strength with deposited material, printing quality, and range of material usability. Theoretical examination and physical experiments were performed for each of these areas; the results were compared to similar experiments done using heated aluminum and aluminum-glass print beds. Ten distinct materials (ABS, PLA, PET, HIPS, PC, TPU, PVA, nylon, metal PLA, and carbon-fiber PLA) were tested for printing performance. The use of a heated AL-PC print bed was found to be a practical option for most of the materials, particularly ABS and TPU, which are often challenging to process using traditional print bed types. Generally, the results were found to be equivalent to or superior to tempered glass and superior to standard aluminum build plates in terms of printing capability. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; fused deposition modeling; polymer processing; manufacturing process improvement; polymer testing additive manufacturing; fused deposition modeling; polymer processing; manufacturing process improvement; polymer testing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Messimer, S.L.; Patterson, A.E.; Muna, N.; Deshpande, A.P.; Rocha Pereira, T. Characterization and Processing Behavior of Heated Aluminum-Polycarbonate Composite Build Plates for the FDM Additive Manufacturing Process. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2018, 2, 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp2010012

AMA Style

Messimer SL, Patterson AE, Muna N, Deshpande AP, Rocha Pereira T. Characterization and Processing Behavior of Heated Aluminum-Polycarbonate Composite Build Plates for the FDM Additive Manufacturing Process. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing. 2018; 2(1):12. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp2010012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Messimer, Sherri L., Albert E. Patterson, Nasiha Muna, Akshay P. Deshpande, and Tais Rocha Pereira. 2018. "Characterization and Processing Behavior of Heated Aluminum-Polycarbonate Composite Build Plates for the FDM Additive Manufacturing Process" Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing 2, no. 1: 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp2010012

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