The following considers drag measurements of baseballs with backspin (spin axis horizontal and normal to trajectory) and gyro spin (spin axis parallel to trajectory) orientations. Balls were propelled through still air in a laboratory setting at 36 m/s and spin ranging from 1250 rpm to 1750 rpm. Balls were projected with backspin and gyro spin in the two- and four-seam orientations. Speed and position sensors measured the speed and location of the balls at three locations from which the coefficient of drag and lift were found. Drag was observed to depend on spin rate, spin axis and seam orientation. The largest and smallest coefficient of drag was found with the gyro four-seam and two-seam spin orientation, respectively. Drag was observed to correlate with seam height with back spin, but not with gyro spin. Lift was observed for baseballs with back spin, but not with gyro spin.
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