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Open AccessProceedings

High Load Stress-Strain Property of Natural Turf for Professional Use, Various Types of Natural, Hybrid and Artificial Turfs in Football

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Faculty of Sports and Health Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
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Faculty of Education, Art and Science, Yamagata University, Yamagata 990-8560, Japan
3
Institute of Health and Exercise Science (IHES), Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC 3011, Australia
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Department of Cross Cultural Studies, Gifu City Women’s College, Gifu, 501-0192, Japan
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Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Department of Sports and Health Sciences, Aichi Shukutoku University, Nagakute 480-1197, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 13th conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Online, 22–26 June 2020.
Proceedings 2020, 49(1), 142; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2020049142
Published: 15 June 2020
High load quasi stress-strain (qSS) properties of professionally maintained natural turf (N-pro) was compared with eight natural, hybrid or artificial turfs: one professionally maintained natural turf in a sub field and one grown in a test field without maintenance, two hybrid turfs (one in the sub field and one grown in the test field without maintenance), three new artificial turfs (sand, rubber and sand/rubber infill) and one aged artificial turf (eight years old with sand/rubber infill). N-pro was characterized with a distinctive magnitude of plastic deformation and hysteresis profile, indicating its more energy absorbable properties compared to the artificial turfs. Apparent differences exist between N-pro and other natural turfs, suggesting factors such as daily maintenance work and sod compositions are very influential. Clear differences were also observed when the hybrid turf was professionally maintained. The aged artificial turf becomes substantially stiffer indicating usage over years affects the stiffness.
Keywords: stress-strain property; high loading; natural turf; artificial turf; hybrid turf; turf aging; turf maintenance stress-strain property; high loading; natural turf; artificial turf; hybrid turf; turf aging; turf maintenance
MDPI and ACS Style

Nunome, H.; Inoue, K.; Ball, K.; Sano, S.; Ikegami, Y. High Load Stress-Strain Property of Natural Turf for Professional Use, Various Types of Natural, Hybrid and Artificial Turfs in Football. Proceedings 2020, 49, 142. https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2020049142

AMA Style

Nunome H, Inoue K, Ball K, Sano S, Ikegami Y. High Load Stress-Strain Property of Natural Turf for Professional Use, Various Types of Natural, Hybrid and Artificial Turfs in Football. Proceedings. 2020; 49(1):142. https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2020049142

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nunome, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Koichiro; Ball, Kevin; Sano, Shinya; Ikegami, Yasuo. 2020. "High Load Stress-Strain Property of Natural Turf for Professional Use, Various Types of Natural, Hybrid and Artificial Turfs in Football" Proceedings 49, no. 1: 142. https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2020049142

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