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The Emerging Role of Blockchain Technology Applications in Routine Disease Surveillance Systems to Strengthen Global Health Security

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Department of Paraclinical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
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Department of Public Health Research, Global Institute of Public Health, Thiruvananthapuram 695024, India
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Health Information Technology, Pune 411002, India
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School of Public Health, Texila American University, Lot 2442, Plantation Providence Georgetown , Guyana
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Directorate of Health Services, Kashmir 180001, India
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Department of Political Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2019, 3(2), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc3020025
Received: 21 March 2019 / Revised: 27 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 May 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Assessment in the Big Data Era)
Blockchain technology has an enormous scope to revamp the healthcare system in many ways as it improves the quality of healthcare by data sharing among all the participants, selective privacy and ensuring data safety. This paper explores the basics of blockchain, its applications, quality of experience and advantages in disease surveillance over the other widely used real-time and machine learning techniques. The other real-time surveillance systems lack scalability, security, interoperability, thus making blockchain as a choice for surveillance. Blockchain offers the capability of enhancing global health security and also can ensure the anonymity of patient data thereby aiding in healthcare research. The recent epidemics of re-emerging infections such as Ebola and Zika have raised many concerns regarding health security which resulted in strengthening the surveillance systems. We also discuss how blockchains can help in identifying the threats early and reporting them to health authorities for taking early preventive measures. Since the Global Health Security Agenda addresses global public health threats (both infectious and NCDs); strengthen the workforce and the systems; detect and respond rapidly and effectively to the disease threats; and elevate global health security as a priority. The blockchain has enormous potential to disrupt many current practices in traditional disease surveillance and health care research. View Full-Text
Keywords: Blockchain; disease surveillance; infectious diseases; global health security; Epidemics; public health; health care; Quality of Experience Blockchain; disease surveillance; infectious diseases; global health security; Epidemics; public health; health care; Quality of Experience
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Chattu, V.K.; Nanda, A.; Chattu, S.K.; Kadri, S.M.; Knight, A.W. The Emerging Role of Blockchain Technology Applications in Routine Disease Surveillance Systems to Strengthen Global Health Security. Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2019, 3, 25.

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