Rabies in the Caribbean: A Situational Analysis and Historic Review
AbstractRabies virus is the only Lyssavirus species found in the Americas. In discussions about rabies, Latin America and the Caribbean are often grouped together. Our study aimed to independently analyse the rabies situation in the Caribbean and examine changes in rabies spatiotemporal epidemiology. A questionnaire was administered to the 33 member countries and territories of the Caribbean Animal Health Network (CaribVET) to collect current data, which was collated with a literature review. Rabies was endemic in ten Caribbean localities, with the dog, mongoose, and vampire bat identified as enzootic reservoirs. The majority of animal cases occurred in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Haiti, while human cases only consistently occurred in the latter two areas. Rabies vaccination was conducted for high-risk animal populations with variable coverage, and rabies diagnostic capacities varied widely throughout the region. Illegal importation and natural migration of animals may facilitate the introduction of rabies virus variants into virus-naïve areas. Passive surveillance, together with enhanced methods and serological screening techniques, can therefore be of value. The insularity of the Caribbean makes it ideal for conducting pilot studies on reservoir host population management. Best practice guidelines developed for these reservoir hosts can be individually modified to the epidemiological status and available resources within each locality. View Full-Text
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Seetahal, J.F.R.; Vokaty, A.; Vigilato, M.A.N.; Carrington, C.V.F.; Pradel, J.; Louison, B.; Sauers, A.V.; Roopnarine, R.; Arrebato, J.C.G.; Millien, M.F.; James, C.; Rupprecht, C.E. Rabies in the Caribbean: A Situational Analysis and Historic Review. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 89.
Seetahal JFR, Vokaty A, Vigilato MAN, Carrington CVF, Pradel J, Louison B, Sauers AV, Roopnarine R, Arrebato JCG, Millien MF, James C, Rupprecht CE. Rabies in the Caribbean: A Situational Analysis and Historic Review. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2018; 3(3):89.Chicago/Turabian Style
Seetahal, Janine F.R.; Vokaty, Alexandra; Vigilato, Marco A.N.; Carrington, Christine V.F.; Pradel, Jennifer; Louison, Bowen; Sauers, Astrid V.; Roopnarine, Rohini; Arrebato, Jusayma C.G.; Millien, Max F.; James, Colin; Rupprecht, Charles E. 2018. "Rabies in the Caribbean: A Situational Analysis and Historic Review." Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 3, no. 3: 89.
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