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The Re-Emergence and Emergence of Vector-Borne Rickettsioses in Taiwan
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Suspected and Confirmed Vector-Borne Rickettsioses of North America Associated with Human Diseases

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Vector-Borne Disease Section, California Department of Public Health, 850 Marina Bay Parkway, Richmond, CA 94804, USA
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Vector-Borne Disease Section, California Department of Public Health, 2151 Convention Center Way Suite 218B, Ontario, CA 91764, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3010002
Received: 30 November 2017 / Revised: 18 December 2017 / Accepted: 19 December 2017 / Published: 3 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Past and Present Threat of Rickettsial Diseases)
The identification of pathogenic rickettsial agents has expanded over the last two decades. In North America, the majority of human cases are caused by tick-borne rickettsioses but rickettsiae transmitted by lice, fleas, mites and other arthropods are also responsible for clinical disease. Symptoms are generally nonspecific or mimic other infectious diseases; therefore, diagnosis and treatment may be delayed. While infection with most rickettsioses is relatively mild, delayed diagnosis and treatment may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. This review will discuss the ecology, epidemiology and public health importance of suspected and confirmed vector-transmitted Rickettsia species of North America associated with human diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: arthropods; fleas; mites; North America; Rickettsia; rickettiosis; ticks arthropods; fleas; mites; North America; Rickettsia; rickettiosis; ticks
MDPI and ACS Style

Hardstone Yoshimizu, M.; Billeter, S.A. Suspected and Confirmed Vector-Borne Rickettsioses of North America Associated with Human Diseases. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 2.

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