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City as a Growth Platform: Responses of the Cities of Helsinki Metropolitan Area to Global Digital Economy

1
Faculty of Management and Business, Tampere University, 33100 Tampere, Finland
2
City Strategy and Management, City of Vantaa, 01300 Vantaa, Finland
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Urban Sci. 2020, 4(4), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040067
Received: 24 September 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 27 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
The aim of this article is to shed light on how ongoing structural change towards the global digital economy condition urban economic development. Discussion starts with a brief reference to the growth machine thesis and its emphasis on the interests of local land and real estate owners. This theory serves as a contrasting point for the second element of our framework, the platform economy, which brings digital platforms and the transnational capitalist class into the picture. The transition from the urban growth machines of the industrial age to the digital growth platforms of the information age imply a radical change in the context of urban economic development. On this basis, we discuss cities’ need to adjust their growth strategies to the conditions of the emerging platform economy. Our illustrative case is the capital region of Finland. We interviewed officials and experts who hold key positions in the design of economic development policy in the three largest cities of this area. The empirical results show that the platform economy is rather vaguely conceptualized, and its challenges are ambiguously addressed. Cities have, however, started to adopt platform and ecosystem thinking in their strategies and established urban innovation platforms, talent and start-up attraction programs, and open data initiatives that reflect the gradual adoption of platform logic in urban economic development. View Full-Text
Keywords: platform; platformization; platform economy; platform urbanism; digital economy; economic growth; growth machine; city government; Helsinki Metropolitan Area; Finland platform; platformization; platform economy; platform urbanism; digital economy; economic growth; growth machine; city government; Helsinki Metropolitan Area; Finland
MDPI and ACS Style

Anttiroiko, A.-V.; Laine, M.; Lönnqvist, H. City as a Growth Platform: Responses of the Cities of Helsinki Metropolitan Area to Global Digital Economy. Urban Sci. 2020, 4, 67. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040067

AMA Style

Anttiroiko A-V, Laine M, Lönnqvist H. City as a Growth Platform: Responses of the Cities of Helsinki Metropolitan Area to Global Digital Economy. Urban Science. 2020; 4(4):67. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040067

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anttiroiko, Ari-Veikko, Markus Laine, and Henrik Lönnqvist. 2020. "City as a Growth Platform: Responses of the Cities of Helsinki Metropolitan Area to Global Digital Economy" Urban Science 4, no. 4: 67. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040067

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