Next Article in Journal
The Provision and Accessibility to Parks in Ho Chi Minh City: Disparities along the Urban Core—Periphery Axis
Previous Article in Journal
Travel Time Savings Perception and Well-Being through Public Transport Projects: The Case of Metro de Santiago
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Spatial Characteristics and Activity Space Pattern Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh

Transportation Science, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-3600, USA
Department of Urban Planning and Public Policy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(1), 36;
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
PDF [7618 KB, uploaded 18 March 2019]


Although a handful of studies have begun to integrate activity space within travel behavior analysis in the European and United States (U.S.) contexts, few studies have measured the size, structure, and implications of human activity spaces in the context of developing countries. To identify the effects of land-use characteristics, socio-demographics, individual trip characteristics, and personal attitudes on the travel-activity based spatial behavior of various population groups in Dhaka city, Bangladesh, a household-based travel diary pilot survey (for two weekdays) was conducted for 50 randomly selected households in the winter of 2017. The study focused on two separate subareas: one taken from Dhaka North City Corporation, and another taken from Dhaka South City Corporation. Two methods—shortest-path network and road network buffer—were used for calculating activity space in a geographic information system (GIS). The daily activity areas for individual respondents ranged from 0.37 to 6.18 square miles. Land-use mix was found to be a significant predictor of activity space size for the residents. Larger activity space was recorded for the residents of one subarea over another due to less land-use diversity. The pilot data showed some specific socio-economic and travel differences across the two study subareas (car ownership, income, modal share, distance traveled, trip duration). View Full-Text
Keywords: activity space; travel pattern; accessibility; social exclusion; individual perception activity space; travel pattern; accessibility; social exclusion; individual perception

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sharmeen, N.; Houston, D. Spatial Characteristics and Activity Space Pattern Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 36.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Urban Sci. EISSN 2413-8851 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top