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Infrastructures 2019, 4(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures4010011

Resilience-Based Recovery Assessments of Networked Infrastructure Systems under Localized Attacks

Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, North Dakota State University, 1410 14th Avenue North, Fargo, ND 58102, USA
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Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 2 March 2019 / Accepted: 7 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilient Infrastructure Systems)
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Abstract

To reduce unforeseen disaster risks, infrastructure systems are expected to be resilient. The impact of many natural disasters on networked infrastructures is often observed to follow a localized attack pattern. The localized attack can be demonstrated by the failures of a group of links concentrated in a particular geographical domain which result in adjacent isolated nodes. In this paper, a resilience-based recovery assessment framework is proposed. The framework aims to find the most effective recovery strategy when subjected to localized attacks. The proposed framework was implemented in a lattice network structure inspired by a water distribution network case study. Three different recovery strategies were studied with cost and time constraints incorporated: preferential recovery based on nodal weight (PRNW), periphery recovery (PR), and localized recovery (LR). The case study results indicated that LR could be selected as the most resilient and cost-effective recovery strategy. This paper hopes to aid in the decision-making process by providing a strategic baseline for finding an optimized recovery strategy for localized attack scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: infrastructure systems; localized attacks; recovery strategies; resilience assessment infrastructure systems; localized attacks; recovery strategies; resilience assessment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Afrin, T.; Yodo, N. Resilience-Based Recovery Assessments of Networked Infrastructure Systems under Localized Attacks. Infrastructures 2019, 4, 11.

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