Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
How Does Spatial Attention Influence the Probability and Fidelity of Colour Perception?
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Contextually-Based Social Attention Diverges across Covert and Overt Measures
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Location-Specific Orientation Set Is Independent of the Horizontal Benefit with or Without Object Boundaries

1
Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
2
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vision 2019, 3(2), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/vision3020030
Received: 19 March 2019 / Revised: 2 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Visual Orienting and Conscious Perception)
  |  
PDF [1035 KB, uploaded 19 June 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Chen and Cave (2019) showed that facilitation in visual comparison tasks that had previously been attributed to object-based attention could more directly be explained as facilitation in comparing two shapes that are configured horizontally rather than vertically. They also cued the orientation of the upcoming stimulus configuration without cuing its location and found an asymmetry: the orientation cue only enhanced performance for vertical configurations. The current study replicates the horizontal benefit in visual comparison and again demonstrates that it is independent of surrounding object boundaries. In these experiments, the cue is informative about the location of the target configuration as well as its orientation, and it enhances performance for both horizontal and vertical configurations; there is no asymmetry. Either a long or a short cue can enhance performance when it is valid. Thus, Chen and Cave’s cuing asymmetry seems to reflect unusual aspects of an attentional set for orientation that must be established without knowing the upcoming stimulus location. Taken together, these studies show that a location-specific cue enhances comparison independently of the horizontal advantage, while a location-nonspecific cue produces a different type of attentional set that does not enhance comparison in horizontal configurations. View Full-Text
Keywords: attentional set; orientation; horizontal benefit; object-based attention; location cuing attentional set; orientation; horizontal benefit; object-based attention; location cuing
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Z.; Humphries, A.; Cave, K.R. Location-Specific Orientation Set Is Independent of the Horizontal Benefit with or Without Object Boundaries. Vision 2019, 3, 30.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Vision EISSN 2411-5150 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top