We demonstrate how the slant of a surface affects the relative visual direction between binocular stimuli. In two experiments, we measured the visual direction of a binocular stimulus at different distances in the mid-sagittal plane or in the transverse plane at eye level relative to the center of the stimulus field. Experiment 1 showed that when a binocular stimulus (a vertical bar) was presented in front of or behind a surface slanted along the vertical center of the surface, its visual direction shifted toward the surface. Experiment 2 showed that when a binocular stimulus (a horizontal bar) was presented in front of or behind a surface slanted along the horizontal center of the surface, its visual direction also shifted toward the surface. These results indicate that the slant of a surface should be listed among the variables that contribute to the binocular visual direction, as well as the retinal loci of the stimulus, binocular eye position, the location of the visual egocenter, and stimulus properties.
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