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Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise

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Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
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VA Medical Health Care System, Loma Linda, CA 92697, USA
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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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INISA, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande 79070-900, Brazil
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College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Australia
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Graduate Institute of Sports Training, Institute of Sports Sciences, University of Taipei, Taipei 111, Taiwan
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Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, 03043 Cassino, Italy
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Department of Human Movement Science, Movement Sciences Amsterdam, Vrije Universiteit, 1081BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain
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Research Institute ‘imas12’, Hospital 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of León, 24071 León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2020, 5(3), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk5030063
Received: 11 July 2020 / Revised: 4 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Evaluation and Prescription)
Although there is evidence supporting the benefit of regular exercise, and recommendations about exercise and physical activity, the process of individually prescribing exercise following exercise testing is more difficult. Guidelines like % heart rate (HR) reserve (HRR) require an anchoring maximal test and do not always provide a homogenous training experience. When prescribing HR on the basis of % HRR, rating of perceived exertion or Talk Test, cardiovascular/perceptual drift during sustained exercise makes prescription of the actual workload difficult. To overcome this issue, we have demonstrated a strategy for “translating” exercise test responses to steady state exercise training on the basis of % HRR or the Talk Test that appeared adequate for individuals ranging from cardiac patients to athletes. However, these methods depended on the nature of the exercise test details. In this viewpoint, we combine these data with workload expressed as Metabolic Equivalent Task (METs). We demonstrate that there is a regular stepdown between the METs during training to achieve the same degree of homeostatic disturbance during testing. The relationship was linear, was highly-correlated (r = 0.89), and averaged 71.8% (Training METs/Test METs). We conclude that it appears possible to generate a generalized approach to correctly translate exercise test responses to exercise training. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise prescription; target heart rate; RPE; Talk Test exercise prescription; target heart rate; RPE; Talk Test
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MDPI and ACS Style

Foster, C.; Anholm, J.D.; Bok, D.; Boullosa, D.; Condello, G.; Cortis, C.; Fusco, A.; Jaime, S.J.; de Koning, J.J.; Lucia, A.; Porcari, J.P.; Radtke, K.; Rodriguez-Marroyo, J.A. Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2020, 5, 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk5030063

AMA Style

Foster C, Anholm JD, Bok D, Boullosa D, Condello G, Cortis C, Fusco A, Jaime SJ, de Koning JJ, Lucia A, Porcari JP, Radtke K, Rodriguez-Marroyo JA. Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2020; 5(3):63. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk5030063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Foster, Carl, James D. Anholm, Daniel Bok, Daniel Boullosa, Giancarlo Condello, Cristina Cortis, Andrea Fusco, Salvador J. Jaime, Jos J. de Koning, Alejandro Lucia, John P. Porcari, Kim Radtke, and Jose A. Rodriguez-Marroyo 2020. "Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise" Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology 5, no. 3: 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk5030063

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