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Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
VA Medical Health Care System, Loma Linda, CA 92697, USA
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
INISA, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande 79070-900, Brazil
College of Healthcare Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville 4811, Australia
Graduate Institute of Sports Training, Institute of Sports Sciences, University of Taipei, Taipei 111, Taiwan
Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, 03043 Cassino, Italy
Department of Human Movement Science, Movement Sciences Amsterdam, Vrije Universiteit, 1081BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain
Research Institute ‘imas12’, Hospital 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain
Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of León, 24071 León, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2020, 5(3), 63;
Received: 11 July 2020 / Revised: 4 August 2020 / Accepted: 10 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Evaluation and Prescription)
Although there is evidence supporting the benefit of regular exercise, and recommendations about exercise and physical activity, the process of individually prescribing exercise following exercise testing is more difficult. Guidelines like % heart rate (HR) reserve (HRR) require an anchoring maximal test and do not always provide a homogenous training experience. When prescribing HR on the basis of % HRR, rating of perceived exertion or Talk Test, cardiovascular/perceptual drift during sustained exercise makes prescription of the actual workload difficult. To overcome this issue, we have demonstrated a strategy for “translating” exercise test responses to steady state exercise training on the basis of % HRR or the Talk Test that appeared adequate for individuals ranging from cardiac patients to athletes. However, these methods depended on the nature of the exercise test details. In this viewpoint, we combine these data with workload expressed as Metabolic Equivalent Task (METs). We demonstrate that there is a regular stepdown between the METs during training to achieve the same degree of homeostatic disturbance during testing. The relationship was linear, was highly-correlated (r = 0.89), and averaged 71.8% (Training METs/Test METs). We conclude that it appears possible to generate a generalized approach to correctly translate exercise test responses to exercise training. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise prescription; target heart rate; RPE; Talk Test exercise prescription; target heart rate; RPE; Talk Test
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MDPI and ACS Style

Foster, C.; Anholm, J.D.; Bok, D.; Boullosa, D.; Condello, G.; Cortis, C.; Fusco, A.; Jaime, S.J.; de Koning, J.J.; Lucia, A.; Porcari, J.P.; Radtke, K.; Rodriguez-Marroyo, J.A. Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2020, 5, 63.

AMA Style

Foster C, Anholm JD, Bok D, Boullosa D, Condello G, Cortis C, Fusco A, Jaime SJ, de Koning JJ, Lucia A, Porcari JP, Radtke K, Rodriguez-Marroyo JA. Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2020; 5(3):63.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Foster, Carl, James D. Anholm, Daniel Bok, Daniel Boullosa, Giancarlo Condello, Cristina Cortis, Andrea Fusco, Salvador J. Jaime, Jos J. de Koning, Alejandro Lucia, John P. Porcari, Kim Radtke, and Jose A. Rodriguez-Marroyo. 2020. "Generalized Approach to Translating Exercise Tests and Prescribing Exercise" Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology 5, no. 3: 63.

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