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Eccentric Overload Flywheel Training in Older Adults

1
Health Sciences Graduate Program, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada
2
School of Rehabilitation Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(3), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4030061
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 19 August 2019 / Accepted: 21 August 2019 / Published: 22 August 2019
Age-related reductions in muscle strength and muscle power can have significant adverse effects on functional performance in older adults. Exercise training has been shown to be a potent stimulus for improvements in strength and power. However, investigation into how to best optimize training-related adaptations, as well as the accessibility of training methods, is needed. Traditional (TR) methods using gravity-dependent free-weights or weight machines can improve and maintain strength and power but are limited in their ability to provide constant muscle tension and high levels of muscle activation throughout the lowering (eccentric) phase of lifting. Eccentric overload (EO) training may overcome these limitations and has been shown to result in potent adaptations in both young and older adults. Methods of producing EO are significantly limited from a practical perspective. The addition of whole-body flywheel training equipment provides a practical method of producing EO and may be appropriate for older adults wanting to optimize training outcomes. Our review provides limited evidence of the use of eccentric overload flywheel training as a novel training method in seniors. Through the review of literature, EO training overcame some of the limitations set forth by traditional resistance training and demonstrated to have key benefits when combating age-related changes affecting muscle strength and muscle power. It can be concluded that EO training is an important addition to the training arsenal for older adults. Flywheel training provides a practical method of achieving EO, increasing strength and power, combating age-related adaptations, and overall improving quality of life in older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: eccentric; overload; flywheel; adaptations; seniors eccentric; overload; flywheel; adaptations; seniors
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Kowalchuk, K.; Butcher, S. Eccentric Overload Flywheel Training in Older Adults. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 61.

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