Next Article in Journal
Perceived Barriers to Exercise in Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury Vary by Age
Previous Article in Journal
Internal Loads, but Not External Loads and Fatigue, Are Similar in Young and Middle-Aged Resistance-Trained Males during High Volume Squatting Exercise
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3(3), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3030046

Metabolic Profile and Myocardial Performance of Renal Transplant Recipients Participating in Unsupervised Physical Exercise as a Prescription Program

1
Nephrology Unit, University Hospital Careggi, 50139 Florence, Italy
2
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Unit of Clinical Nutrition, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy
3
Sports Medicine Center-Clinical and Experimental Department-University of Florence, 501039 Florence, Italy
4
Internal Medicine, University of Perugia, 06100 Perugia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2018 / Revised: 7 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [235 KB, uploaded 11 September 2018]

Abstract

Introduction: Renal transplant recipients (RTRs) are at high cardiovascular risk (CV) compared to the general population, especially after surgical treatment. The literature supports the role of supervised exercise intervention; however no data are available regarding the effects of unsupervised exercise programs. We investigated whether a home exercise program could reduce CV risk in RTR based on possible changes in renal and cardiometabolic parameters and myocardial performance measured by echocardiography. Methods: From a large cohort of 60 RTRs, 30 RTRs (12 females and 18 males 48.3 ± 12.3 years) participated in individualized and unsupervised training programs for 6 months, at moderate intensity. Cardiometabolic risk factors, anthropometric parameters, lipid and glycemic blood sample profiles were studied as was myocardial performance from the 2D echo examination at T0, and T6 months. Results: The lipid profile remained in the range of a low level of risk, although there was no significant improvement, whereas myocardial performance, in particular the EF, was significantly improved. Conclusions: A home exercise program for at least 6 months produces positive effects on myocardial function and helps maintain a low cardiovascular risk profile. The trend supports the importance of highlighting the role of a correct reconditioning of lifestyle in RTR, from the exercise program without supervision to moderate intensity, where well tolerated. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic profile; renal organ transplantation; physical exercise; home based exercise metabolic profile; renal organ transplantation; physical exercise; home based exercise
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Moscarelli, L.; Sofi, F.; Mascherini, G.; Bini, V.; Ingletto, C.; Mandoli, M.; Galanti, G.; Stefani, L. Metabolic Profile and Myocardial Performance of Renal Transplant Recipients Participating in Unsupervised Physical Exercise as a Prescription Program. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3, 46.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top